Provincetown Players


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Provincetown Players,

American theatrical company that first introduced the plays of Eugene O'NeillO'Neill, Eugene (Gladstone),
1888–1953, American dramatist, b. New York City. He is widely acknowledged as America's greatest playwright. Early Life

O'Neill's father was James O'Neill, a popular actor noted for his portrayal of the Count of Monte Cristo.
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. The company opened with his Bound East for Cardiff at the Wharf Theatre, Provincetown, on Cape Cod in 1916 and later worked in New York City in conjunction with the Greenwich Village Theatre under the auspices of Robert Edmond JonesJones, Robert Edmond,
1887–1954, American scene designer, b. Milton, N.H. With his design in 1915 for The Man Who Married a Dumb Wife, a new era of scene design began in the United States. His use of color and dramatic lighting enhanced his imaginative sets.
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, Kenneth Macgowan, and O'Neill. By producing plays that were generally considered noncommercial, the company gave unrecognized dramatists the opportunity to experiment with new ideas. The group disbanded in 1929 but through its efforts, together with those of the Washington Square Players, a truly American theater was realized. Among the well-known writers associated with the Provincetown Players were Edna St. Vincent MillayMillay, Edna St. Vincent
, 1892–1950, American poet, b. Rockland, Maine, grad. Vassar College, 1917. One of the most popular poets of her era, Millay was admired as much for the bohemian freedom of her youthful lifestyle as for her verse.
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 and Djuna BarnesBarnes, Djuna
, 1892–1982, American author, b. Cornwall, N.Y. She is best known for her modernist novel Nightwood (1936), which, in its sense of horror and decay, was likened by T. S. Eliot, who edited the book, to an Elizabethan tragedy.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
of the Provincetown Players. The town accustomed itself to many
The Provincetown Players are formed when a group of theatre artists vacationing in Provincetown, Mass., presents Suppressed Desires, by married couple George Cram Cook and Susan Glaspell, and Constancy by Neith Boyce.
Richard Gere Career: Gained a place with the prestigious Provincetown Players at Cape Cod.
A copy of the script was unearthed last year, to the surprise of scholars who thought all copies had been destroyed on O'Neill's orders following its only staging by the Provincetown Players. The play, which has not yet been licensed in the U.S., will be published by Yale U.
Glaspell's full-length Chains of Dew, produced by the Provincetown Players in the spring of 1922, is published for the first time in this volume.
1924) to Kahn in Palm Beach advising him of the Provincetown Players' fundraising to which Kahn responded by wiring $1000; Macgowan's letter to Kahn (8 July 1925) thanking him for a $5000 check; a note (23 June 1926) indicating that Kahn had sent a $1000 check to the group; a note documenting a phone call with Fitzi, which resulted in Kahn's sending $520 (23 Aug.
Among the many not-for-profit theaters that were founded in the United States in the early twentieth century, the Provincetown Players was the most important.
Musical comedy threatened the 'seriousness' of American theater--the literary theater that the Theatre Guild, O'Neill and Theatre Arts were promoting, having taken this task over from the Provincetown Players. Savran, who interprets Gershwin's music as modernist, praises him for legitimating jazz in the theater, and compares Gershwin's stand to that of the exponents of serious drama who rejected jazz, creating a high modernist theater.
She examines five instances of feminist performance and how they disrupted the status quo and provided public visibility to women's issues--suffragist parades, feminist drama groups, Mary Shaw's Gamut Club, the Provincetown Players, and the Neighborhood Playhouse--and the work four successful directors: Lillian Trimble Bradley, Rachel Crothers, Edith Ellis, and Minnie Maddern Fiske.
(1.) Aside from their significance as discussed in this essay, Suppressed Desires and Tickless Time hold places of importance in the history of the Provincetown Players and in American theatre history as well.
with the Provincetown Players, costuming himself as a seasoned seaman
Career: He gained a place with the prestigious Provincetown Players at Cape Cod.

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