Provintsiia

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Provintsiia

 

(“subprovince”), an 18th-century administrative territorial unit in Russia. Some provintsii came into being in 1711 and 1712; provintsii were universally established in 1719. There were about 45 in all. Each gubernia (province) was subdivided into provintsii: the St. Petersburg gubernia into 11, the Moscow into nine, Kiev into four, Riga into two, and so on. Each provintsiia was divided into uezdy (districts) and was headed by a voevoda (military governor) or, in gubernia capitals, by a gubernator (governor), who was assisted by a provincial office. The provintsii were abolished by the Statutes on Gubernii of 1775. There were 66 provintsii at the time of abolishment.

REFERENCE

Got’e, Iu. V. Istoriia oblastnogo upravleniia v Rossii ot Petra I do Ekate-riny II, vols. 1–2, Moscow-Leningrad, 1913–41.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Bogoslovskii, Oblastnaia reforma Petra Velikogo: Provintsiia, 1719-27 gg.
Anne, focusing on Russia's supposed provinciality, explains the importance of the provintsiia trope, in which Russia's provincial places are characterized by an ambiguous, mixed-up temporality that reveals Russia itself to be neither "modern" nor straightforwardly "backward." Here the the provintsiia trope, in Anne's mind, is a mishmash of objects, styles, words, and times.
Tropov, Revoliutsiia i provintsiia: Mestnaia vlast' v Rossii (fevral-oktiabr' 1917g.) (St.
Casanova's provincial/cosmopolitan opposition seems to recapitulate Russia's stolitsa/ provintsiia binary, but in fact provintsiia in the Russian tradition has a much more complicated and ambiguous resonance than does "la province" in French, or terms like "periphery" in English.
In Russian, provintsiia designates the non-exotic, non-borderland, "native" spaces that are outside of and symbolically opposed to Petersburg and Moscow, all those nameless Gorod N s that literature most often represents as devoid of life and meaning.
The noun provintsiia entered Russian from Polish with Peter the Great's reforms, when it was used to designate a large administrative and territorial unit of the empire.
Jahrhundert)/ Lithuania and Ruthenia: Studies of a Transcultural Communication Zone (15th-18th Centuries) (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2007), 7-33; Volodymyr Masliichuk, Provintsiia na perekhresti kul'tur: Doslidzhennia z istorii Slobids'koi Ukrainy (Kharkiv: Kharkivs'skyi pryvatnyi muzei mis'koi sadyby, 2007); John Czaplicka, ed., "Lviv: A City in the Crossroads of Culture," special issue of Harvard Ukrainian Studies 24 (2000); and Paulus Adelsgruber, Laurie Cohen, and Borries Kuzmany, Getrennt und doch verbunden: Grenzstadte zwischen Osterreich und Russland, 1772-1918 (Vienna: Bohlau, 2011).
The term provintsiia also seems worthy of use as a category of analysis, while Remnev makes the interesting point that the word "colony" was explicitly avoided in favor of "region" (krai, 403).
The field of semiotic "provincial studies" in Russian scholarship takes as its subject "the provinces (provintsiia) both as an object of ideological reflection and as a distinctive semiosphere producing its own discourses and texts." (9) Provincial studies emerged from the Lotman school of semiotics and applies methods first used to study the Petersburg text to the decoding of the "provincial text," which can mean either the image of the provinces as a whole or individual provinces.
Zaionts, "'Provintsiia' kak termin," in Russkaia provintsiia: Mif--tekst--real 'nost', ed.
By focusing on the special case of the Urals, Redin is able to go into even greater detail than could Pisar'kova about administrative organization and practice at the level of the province (provintsiia), district (uezd or distrikt), and tax lot (dolia).
(10) For an attempt in this direction, see jean-Paul depretto, "Rabochie regiona i sovetskaia Vlast' (1928-1932 gg.)," in Obshchestvo i vlast[acute]: Rossiiskaia provintsiia, 1917-1980-e gody, 2, ed.