and "Kultur" are not the problem; they are convenient ways of focusing a general unease on one nation for the purpose of propaganda.
May has termed the "custodians of culture," Strong perceived the First World War as a global struggle between the forces of good and evil, Prussianism
, Kaiserism, and autocracy against democracy, freedom, civilization, and Christianity.
In the first instance these began as courses in Allied war aims, aimed especially at young army officers, and designed to implant the belief that the Allies were fighting for the values of Western Civilization against the evils of Prussianism
, Kruppism, Kaiserism, and assorted German perversities.
By now, Sassoon had come to believe that the politicians, keen to crush Kaiserism and Prussianism
'by means of brute force', far from attempting to shorten the War were actively prolonging it and, while on sick leave in England, he wrote to his Commanding Officer refusing 'to perform any further military duties' and issuing a public statement of his reasons for such a protest: 'I have seen and endured the sufferings of the troops', he said, 'and I can no longer be a party to prolonging those sufferings for ends which I believe to be evil and unjust'.
Throughout the twentieth century, however, there has been a steadily growing number of scholars who have dissented from this image of Hegel as an antiliberal defender of Prussianism
and as a proto-totalitarian.
what it will mean to all that we Americans cherish if England & France go under, & Prussianism
becomes the law of life,"(3) and assuring him that "all the wild rumours of `atrocities' are true, & are understated.
Therefore local, regional, comparative and transnational history-writing is still the best protection against a revival of Prussianism
The concluding sentence: "It was the prevalence of socialist views and not Prussianism
that Germany had in common with Italy and Russia--and it was from the masses and not from the classes steeped in the Prussian tradition, and favored by it, that National Socialism arose.
Socialism confused with Prussianism
leads to the overwhelming power of the state at home and the pursuit of imperialism abroad.
Mikhail Gorbachev's call for glasnost, or greater openness, has been eagerly snatched up by East German youth seeking relief from the intolerable provincialism, Prussianism
and militarism of daily life in the German Democratic Republic.
His family was Social Democratic and opposed Prussianism
in Germany; he turned to anarchism after becoming involved with Jewish anarchists during his stay in Paris.
Rather, it is important to note that although Wise originally campaigned to keep the United States out of the war, he eventually opted for what he considered "the necessity of doing battle against the graver of two evils, the lesser being war and the graver Prussianism