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Pruth(both: pro͞ot), river, c.530 mi (850 km) long, rising in the Carpathian Mts., W Ukraine, and flowing generally SE to the Danube River at Reni. It forms the border between Romania and Moldova. The Prut is navigable to Leovo. By the Peace of the Pruth (1711) Peter I of Russia restored Azov to the Turks (see Russo-Turkish WarsRusso-Turkish Wars.
The great eastward expansion of Russia in the 16th and 17th cent., during the decline of the Ottoman Empire, nevertheless left the shores of the Black Sea in the hands of the Ottoman sultans and their vassals, the khans of Crimea.
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a river in the Ukrainian SSR; a left tributary of the Danube. Below Chernovtsy, the Prut is the official border between the USSR (chiefly the Moldavian SSR) and Rumania. It measures 989 km long and drains an area of 27,500 sq km.
The Prut originates in the Eastern Carpathians, on the northern slopes of the Chernogora range. It flows as far as Chernovtsy in a deeply cut valley, which widens below (to 10 km below the city of Leovo) and has a broad floodplain. The channel meanders and in places contains rapids. The Prut is fed by rain and snow. There is high water in spring; flash floods occur often in summer and fall. The flow increases in winter from thaws and rain. The mean flow rate is approximately 80 cu m per sec, with a maximum of more than 5,000 cu m per sec and a minimum of approximately 15–20 cu m per sec.
The Prut freezes in January and February for 45 to 50 days, and the ice breaks up during periods of thawing. The river becomes free of ice in the first half of March. The main tributaries are the Rakovets and Chugur on the left and the Cheremosh, Zhizhiia, and Bakhlui on the right. The river is navigable as far as Leovo. The cities of Iaremcha, Kolomyia, Sniatyn, Chernovtsy, Novoselitsa, Ungeny, and Leovo (USSR) are situated on the Prut.
a training ship of the Black Sea Fleet, built in 1879 and having a water displacement of 5,459 tons.
The crew of the Prut, numbering about 650, including 450 students of a machine school and the Odessa Navigation School, participated in the first bourgeois-democratic revolution in Russia. On June 19, 1905, a revolt broke out on the Prut in support of the uprising on the ironclad Potemkin. The crew gained control of the ship and elected a ship’s commission with the Bolshevik A. M. Petrov as chairman. The Prut sailed for Odessa to make contact with the Potemkin, but the latter had already sailed for Rumania. It was then decided to set sail for Sevastopol’ and excite rebellion there. On June 20 the unarmed Prut was seized by two torpedo boats and brought to Sevastopol’.
Forty-two crewmen were put on trial. The leaders of the revolt, Petrov, I. F. Adamenko, I. A. Chernyi, and D. M. Titov, were sentenced to death on July 31 and shot on Aug. 24, 1905; 16 men were sentenced to hard labor for terms ranging from four to 18 years, and the remaining crewmen were sentenced to join convict labor gangs and disciplinary battalions. For several years the Prut served as a prison ship. In 1909 it was converted into a minelayer. On Oct. 30, 1914, during World War I, the Prut was sunk by its crew upon encountering the German cruiser Goeben.