Prut Campaign of 1711
Prut Campaign of 1711
combat operations of the Russian Army during the Russo-Turkish War of 1710–13.
After the Swedish defeat at the battle of Poltava in 1709, Charles XII succeeded, with the help of Austrian and French diplomacy, in prompting Turkey to declare war on Russia on Nov. 20, 1710. In April 1711, Russia concluded an alliance with the Moldavian hospodar D. Kantemir. From May 27 to 30, B. P. Sheremetev crossed the Dnestr into Moldavia with his cavalry and moved toward Isaccea to capture the Danube crossings. However, after receiving news of the approach of large Turkish forces, he turned toward Iaşi, where the main Russian forces, commanded by Peter I, had arrived on June 25.
The Turkish Army, commanded by Grand Vizier Bataldji Pasha, with approximately 120,000 men and more than 440 cannon, crossed the Danube at Isaccea on June 18 and joined the 70,000 cavalry troops of the Crimean khan Devlet-Girei II on the left bank of the Prut. Peter I dispatched the 7,000-man cavalry detachment of General K. E. Renne to Brăila, moved on June 30 with his main forces of 38,000 Russians, 5,000 Moldavians, and 114 cannon along the right bank of the Prut, and reached Stănileşti on July 7. The Turks crossed the Prut at Fălciu and attacked the Russian Army south of Stănileşti on July 8 without success. The Russian forces withdrew to a fortified camp near Noua Stănileşti, where they were surrounded on July 9. The Turks stormed the fort but were pushed back with a loss of 8,000 men; the Russians suffered 3,000 casualties.
The Russian position became critical, however, because of a lack of ammunition and food. Negotiations were conducted with the grand vizier, and the Prut Peace Treaty was concluded on July 12. The Russian forces, as well as part of the Moldavian forces led by Kantemir, obtained free exit from Moldavia, but Russia returned Azov to Turkey and razed its fortresses along the Sea of Azov. A state of war continued until 1713, since the sultan made new demands with which Russia was not in agreement. The Treaty of Adrianople of 1713 was concluded on the same conditions as the treaty of 1711.