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(both: pro͞ot), river, c.530 mi (850 km) long, rising in the Carpathian Mts., W Ukraine, and flowing generally SE to the Danube River at Reni. It forms the border between Romania and Moldova. The Prut is navigable to Leovo. By the Peace of the Pruth (1711) Peter I of Russia restored Azov to the Turks (see Russo-Turkish WarsRusso-Turkish Wars.
The great eastward expansion of Russia in the 16th and 17th cent., during the decline of the Ottoman Empire, nevertheless left the shores of the Black Sea in the hands of the Ottoman sultans and their vassals, the khans of Crimea.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a river in the Ukrainian SSR; a left tributary of the Danube. Below Chernovtsy, the Prut is the official border between the USSR (chiefly the Moldavian SSR) and Rumania. It measures 989 km long and drains an area of 27,500 sq km.

The Prut originates in the Eastern Carpathians, on the northern slopes of the Chernogora range. It flows as far as Chernovtsy in a deeply cut valley, which widens below (to 10 km below the city of Leovo) and has a broad floodplain. The channel meanders and in places contains rapids. The Prut is fed by rain and snow. There is high water in spring; flash floods occur often in summer and fall. The flow increases in winter from thaws and rain. The mean flow rate is approximately 80 cu m per sec, with a maximum of more than 5,000 cu m per sec and a minimum of approximately 15–20 cu m per sec.

The Prut freezes in January and February for 45 to 50 days, and the ice breaks up during periods of thawing. The river becomes free of ice in the first half of March. The main tributaries are the Rakovets and Chugur on the left and the Cheremosh, Zhizhiia, and Bakhlui on the right. The river is navigable as far as Leovo. The cities of Iaremcha, Kolomyia, Sniatyn, Chernovtsy, Novoselitsa, Ungeny, and Leovo (USSR) are situated on the Prut.



a training ship of the Black Sea Fleet, built in 1879 and having a water displacement of 5,459 tons.

The crew of the Prut, numbering about 650, including 450 students of a machine school and the Odessa Navigation School, participated in the first bourgeois-democratic revolution in Russia. On June 19, 1905, a revolt broke out on the Prut in support of the uprising on the ironclad Potemkin. The crew gained control of the ship and elected a ship’s commission with the Bolshevik A. M. Petrov as chairman. The Prut sailed for Odessa to make contact with the Potemkin, but the latter had already sailed for Rumania. It was then decided to set sail for Sevastopol’ and excite rebellion there. On June 20 the unarmed Prut was seized by two torpedo boats and brought to Sevastopol’.

Forty-two crewmen were put on trial. The leaders of the revolt, Petrov, I. F. Adamenko, I. A. Chernyi, and D. M. Titov, were sentenced to death on July 31 and shot on Aug. 24, 1905; 16 men were sentenced to hard labor for terms ranging from four to 18 years, and the remaining crewmen were sentenced to join convict labor gangs and disciplinary battalions. For several years the Prut served as a prison ship. In 1909 it was converted into a minelayer. On Oct. 30, 1914, during World War I, the Prut was sunk by its crew upon encountering the German cruiser Goeben.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a river in E Europe, rising in SW Ukraine and flowing generally southeast, forming part of the border between Romania and Moldova, to join the River Danube. Length: 853 km (530 miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
While one Russian army achieved a surprising and rapid victory over the Habsburg Fourth Army near Lutsk, another launched a second pincer movement between the Dniester and Pruth Rivers toward Okna.
Following Russian attacks on 16 June, the tsarist troops forded the Pruth River and seized Czernovitz on 18 June.
Principal battles: Narva (1700); Poltava (1709); the Pruth (Prut) (1711); Hango (1714).
Petersburg (May 16, 1703); successfully besieged Narva (June 12-August 21, 1704); offered to make peace with Charles XII following the surrender of Augustus II, but Charles was bent on revenge and refused (1707-1708); retreated in front of Charles's invading army (1708), finally isolating him in the central Ukraine near Poltava (winter 1708-spring 1709); defeated Charles and destroyed his army at the climactic battle of Poltava (July 8, 1709); invaded Turkish Moldavia (March 1711), but was trapped by the Turks on the River Pruth (July) and escaped only after a negotiated settlement (July 21); planned the attack, executed by Adm.
While the battle of Poltava soon proved the worth of Peter's military reforms, the disastrous Pruth campaign that followed demonstrated that having a European-style army did not guarantee success in a war against the Turks and Tatars.
The forces that encircled the Russian troops at Stalinesti during the Pruth campaign fascinated one of the Russian commanders, the French soldier of fortune Jean Nichole Moreau de Brasey, with their "sunlit jazzy vestments, the glitter of their weapons shining like diamonds, their majestic headwear, and their light, enviable horses." Forming a semicircle around the Russian army, the Ottoman and Tatar troops offered "an ineffable picture," leading him to conclude that "no army is more beautiful, majestic, and splendid than the Turkish." (20) The strikingly visual quality of Moreau's description reminds one of the centrality of spectacle in Orientalist discourse.
Where military Europeanization has dominated Russian military history, it has also discouraged historians from treating the history of Russia's military encounters to the east and south as an integral part of the examination; Peter I's battle on the Pruth is bur one prominent example.
As he would discover at the Pruth in 1711, the Ottoman Empire remained a formidable power despite its problems, and steppe politics continued to be an important component in its strength.
Here Proskurina examines literary reactions to the empress's wars against the Ottomans, an area where she was considered to have succeeded in her aims, in contrast to Peter's failure in the 1711 Pruth campaign.
(19) In early July 1941, immediately after crossing the Pruth river, the regiment's commander, Colonel Gheorghe Carp, summoned all officers and gave them an order to form death squads from among noncommissioned officers (NCOs) to "cleanse the localities" through which the regiment would pass "of Jews and Communists," killing everybody "from infants in swaddling clothes to old men with white beards." (20) Two death squads were formed the same day, drawing mostly on volunteers but also on the appointment of ordinary soldiers by their superiors.
(Cubei was located on the right bank of the Pruth River, in what the Soviets called a "frontier zone.").
In 1712, Peter had declined the rank of full general in view of his defeat by the Turks on the Pruth in 1711, but following Russian successes in Holstein earlier in 1713 he felt able to accept.