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see flatfishflatfish,
common name for any member of the unique and widespread order Pleuronectiformes containing over 500 species (including the flounder, halibut, plaice, sole, and turbot), 130 of which are American.
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(Scophthalmus maximus), a fish of the family Bothi-dae, order Pleuronectiformes. The body is very tall and covered with bony tubercles. Both eyes are on the left side of the head. The body usually measures approximately 40 cm, sometimes as much as 1 m, and weighs 2–3 kg. The fish is found near Europe; in the USSR, it is found in the Baltic and Barents seas. The turbot is a predator. It reproduces in spring and summer, close to the shores. It is fished commercially. A closely related species, the kalkan (Scophthalmus maeoticus), inhabits the Black Sea.


1. a European flatfish, Scophthalmus maximus, having a pale brown speckled scaleless body covered with tubercles: family Bothidae. It is highly valued as a food fish
2. any of various similar or related fishes