Aujeszky's Disease

(redirected from Pseudorabies)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aujeszky’s Disease


pseudorabies, an acute viral disease of animals characterized by lesions of the nervous system and respiratory organs and by intense itching at the site of penetration of the causative agent; itching does not occur in swine. It is named after the Hungarian scientist A. Aujeszky, who in 1902 was the first to describe the disease in cattle, dogs, and cats. Under natural conditions Aujeszky’s disease strikes swine (mainly suckling pigs), cattle, dogs, cats, foxes, polar foxes, and mink. Man is also susceptible to the disease. The source of infection is sick and convalescent animals from which the virus is released into the environment. Before Aujeszky’s disease appears among farm animals, it usually attacks and kills rodents on the farm. It generally occurs in the fall or early winter owing to the migration of rodents. The economic damage done by the disease is substantial. Almost every newborn pig that becomes infected dies. Cases of cattle and sheep recovering are very rare. The incubation (latent) period is one to 15 days and the course of the disease is acute. Affected animals have a high temperature, lose their appetite, sometimes vomit, and have an unsteady gait. Swine frequently assume the position of a sitting dog and are afflicted by nervous convulsions. The body temperature of horned cattle is above 41° C. They suffer from loss of appetite, do not chew the cud, and develop convulsions. Treatment consists in administering gamma globulin, antiserum, and immune serum. Prevention consists in the control of rodents on farms, observance of requirements of hygienic care and feeding, prompt quarantine, and disinfection.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These experiments provided evidence that the rPRV may serve as a candidate for generating a novel vaccine that can be used for controlling pseudorabies and Japanese encephalitis.
& CHIEN, M.-S., 2004.- Multiplex PCR for rapid detection of pseudorabies virus, porcine parvovirus and porcine circoviruses.
Increased prevalence of Brucella suis and pseudorabies virus antibodies in adults of an isolated feral swine population in coastal South Carolina.
A provision has also been made to allow for importation of live swine from some US states despite the presence of Pseudorabies in others.
A small number of exacting studies have used pseudorabies virus, a transneuronal retrograde tracer that crosses functional synapses [32], to specify the multisynaptic relays in the central nervous system that participate directly in regulating the heart.
This is what photographer Danny Wilcox Frazier means when he says, "Life in Iowa can be punishing." Your livelihood and way of living, your very place on this earth, are in doubt every minute, every day, and generations have grown up with the unspoken understanding that even when you do everything right, everything exactly as you were told, things can still go wrong--too dry and com can be lost to drought, too wet and soybeans succumb to downy mildew; sudden blizzards can literally snow cattle under, but muggy weather can spread pseudorabies through hogs.
pork industry had a positive and successful experience with the mandatory pseudorabies eradication program.
Examples of herpesviruses in animals include bovine herpesvirus 1 (causes infectious bovine rhinotracheitis), porcine herpesvirus 1 (causes pseudorabies), equine herpesvirus 1 (causes abortion), canine herpesvirus 1 (causes a severe hemorrhagic disease in puppies), feline herpesvirus 1 (causes feline viral rhinotracheitis and keratitis), and duck herpesvirus 1 (causes duck plague).
Pseudorabies (soo-do-ra-bez A viral disease that can affect pigs of any age.
Pseudorabies is a reportable disease of pigs and should not be confused with rabies.