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Related to Psychopathy: antisocial personality disorder



(pathological personalities, psychopathic constitutions), a group of mental disorders belonging to minor, or borderline, psychiatry, manifested by a disharmonic personality, as a result of which the individual may cause harm to himself or society. There is no clearly defined line between psychopathy and variants of normal personality types. Classifying psychopathies as mental diseases is arbitrary: unlike diseases that develop in a regular way (onset, course, outcome), psychopathies are stable and lifelong—although the degree to which the pathological traits are manifested may vary—and are usually not associated with delirium, hallucinations, or other symptoms of marked impairment of mental activity. Psychopathies are caused by hereditary factors, intrauterine injuries to the fetus, birth traumas, infections and poisonings in infancy, improper upbringing, and negative social influences.

The manifestations of psychopathies are varied. Several clinical types are distinguished according to the particular personality traits that are dominant. For example, asthenic (impotent) psychopaths are highly impressionable, excitable, and easily fatigued. They tolerate physical and mental stress poorly and are indecisive and depressed. Psychasthenic psychopaths are extremely suspicious; they are filled with perpetual doubts as to the correctness of their judgments and actions and are incapable of making decisions. Excitable (explosive) psychopaths have extremely strong emotional reactions and are unrestrained and inclined to aggressive actions. They have drives and are often addicted to alcohol, which markedly intensifies the manifestation of pathological traits. Paranoic psychopaths are inclined to develop exaggerated ideas that dominate all their impressions and emotions; whatever is not in conformity with these ideas is ignored. Paranoic personalities include pathologically jealous and litigious persons and fanatics. Hysterical psychopaths tend to indulge in fantasies, which, as it were, substitute as reality for them. The behavior of hysterical psychopaths is characterized by affectation and theatricality. There are also other types of psychopathies. Conditions similar to psychopathies may result from schizophrenia and organic brain disease.

Psychopathies can be prevented and treated by proper upbringing in childhood and the constant corrective influence of the family, school, and fellow workers. Psychotherapy and psychotropic agents are indicated in decompensation of psychopathies and in situations where psychopathies make day-to-day living difficult.


Gannushkin, P. B. Klinika psikhopatii: Ikh statika, dinamika, sistematika. Moscow, 1933.
Kerbikov, O. V. “K ucheniiu o dinamike psikhopatii.” In Izbr. trudy. Moscow, 1971. Pages 163–87.
Leonhard, K. Normale und abnorme Pers ö nlichkeiten. Berlin, 1964.


References in periodicals archive ?
While Cleckley's 1941 publication made a notable impact on the field, empirical research on the syndrome did not gain a solid foothold until the development of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) in the 1990s (Edens, Skeem, & Kennealy, 2009).
College students who obtain high scores of both attachment avoidance and attachment anxiety also obtain high primary and secondary psychopathy scores (Mack, Hackney, & Pyle, 2011).
The following sections provide a brief explanation of psychopathic characteristics, the rate at which psychopathy occurs in general society, and some of the initial diagnostic tests used to categorize psychopaths.
The portions quoted illustrate that intense hostility directed towards victims of the criminal justice system is within the acceptable continuum of published academic thought on psychopathy.
Psychopathy, one of the most studied personality disorders, can cause numerous problems for investigators.
If psychopathy reduces your sentence because it has a biological basis, why shouldn't these other more common conditions also result in reduced sentences?
Manual for the Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL: SV).
The employees filled-out an evaluation of the psychopathic traits of their immediate supervisors with the use of the B-Scan-360 (Babiak & Hare, in press), a measure of corporate psychopathy, in addition to a self-report measure of psychological distress in addition to a self-report measure of their own psychological well-being (General Health Questionaire-12; Goldberg & Williams, 1991).
Another study found that males with schizophrenia and high psychopathy scores demonstrated deficits in recognizing sadness, with a marked impairment for lower intensity expressions (Psychiatry Res.
Also reviewed in this section is whether criminal behavior is an essential component for the diagnosis of psychopathy and the predictive value of the PCL-R.
In a statement made on Friday evening, the committee asserted that President Saleh's slur against Yemeni women -- made during a speech at Al-Sabeen Square in Sana'a -- further exposes his latent psychopathy.
In the write up in the TV magazine the journalist expressed concern about the contents, ie - quote - venturing into horror territory of opening scenes of children being terrorised; discovery of a woman's body in a burnt out car; child abduction and abuse, incest, mutilation, juvenile psychopathy and of course murder.