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Related to Psychosomatics: psychosomatic disease



in the broad sense, a term used in medicine to designate an approach to the explanation of disease in which special attention is focused on the role of mental factors in the origin, course, and outcome of somatic disease.

Psychosomatics in the narrower sense, or psychosomatic medicine, is a branch of modern foreign medicine that has developed from the application of the theory and techniques of psychoanalysis to the interpretation and treatment of neuroses of organs and organic diseases. It has become widespread in the Netherlands, the Federal Republic of Germany, Switzerland, and other Western European countries and in the United States. According to proponents of psychosomatic medicine, about 50 percent of all organic diseases in the industrially developed countries are psychogenic. Not only hypertension, gastric ulcer, and hyperthyroidism are regarded as psychosomatic diseases, but also bronchial asthma, diabetes mellitus, glaucoma, and rheumatoid arthritis. Attempts were made to work out a system of correspondences between various organic diseases and specific character and personality traits (H. F. Dunbar, United States) and between various organic diseases and types of emotional conflicts (F. Alexander and the Chicago school).

Endocrine disturbances are believed to play a special role in the mechanism by which these diseases originate (somatize). The principal mode of therapy is psychotherapy, which seeks to uncover the links—unknown to the patient himself—between a person’s emotional conflicts and the development of somatic symptoms. The theoretical foundation of psychosomatics was influenced not only by psychoanalysis but by schools of 20th-century idealist philosophy, such as existentialism (L. Binswanger), and by 20th-century German philosophical anthropology, including the medical anthropology of V. Weizsäcker.


Alexander, F. Psychosomatische Medizin. Berlin, 1951.
Dunbar, H. F. Emotions and Bodily Changes, 4th ed. New York, 1954.
Weiss, E., and O. S. English. Psychosomatic Medicine, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.-London, 1957.
Weizsäcker, V., and D. Wyss. Zwischen Medizin und Philosophic Göttingen, 1957.
Rattner, J. Psychosomatische Medizin heute. Zürich, 1964.


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The name change, aimed in part at shedding the ambiguity around the word "psychosomatic" and better capturing the mission of consultation-liaison psychiatry, will be reflected across the group's platforms.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Franziska Kuhne, MSc, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistrasse 52, 20246 Hamburg, Germany.
Psychosomatic: A systematic review of its meaning in newspaper articles.
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at campus klinikum winnenden, A 4-storey new building for a port (patient-oriented centers for primary and long-term care) on the ground floor, Nursing homes in the 1st and 2nd floor and a center for psychosomatics on the 3rd floor will be constructed in an existing building window , There are about 8 000 m 2 main floor space to plan.
The original articles were published in Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, European Journal of Nutrition, Public.
A Associacao Europeia de psiquiatria de vinculo e psicossomatica (European Association of Consultation Liaison Psychiatry and Psychosomatics: EACLPP), prepara um documento que tem por objetivo melhorar a qualidade da atencao recebida pelos pacientes que tem "sintomas sem explicacao medica".
However, one of the new studies, published in the July-August issue of the journal Psychosomatics, indicates that depression may have a negative impact immediately after a heart attack.
A study published in the March edition of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics found significant age-related impairment in the ability of healthy older individuals to voluntarily focus attention in complex perceptual situations.
Editor Vingerhoets (medical psychology, Tilburg U.) and his co- editors have compiled a series of essays on emotion regulation intended for professionals working in the fields of psychiatry, psychosomatics, behavioral medicine, health psychology, and related fields.
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