This procession is very revealing about Ptolemaic
Memphis, the modern site of Cairo, was after Alexandria the most important city in Ptolemaic
Egypt's Antiquities Minister said that a joint mission from the ministry and Minya University's Archaeological Studies Research Center found upon a collection of Ptolemaic
burial chambers engraved in rock and filled with a large number of mummies of different sizes and genders.
The study says the scientists found a relationship between volcanic eruptions and "the onset of hitherto poorly understood revolts in Ptolemaic
Egypt, as well as the cessation dates of Ptolemaic
interstate warfare with the great Near Eastern Seleucid Empire," a Greek state that existed during roughly the same time as the also-Hellenic Ptolemaic
250 B.C.E.) wrote of the littoral of the Red Sea and of Ptolemaic
mud brick walls, which surrounded the temple, were also uncovered.
In brief, Islamic astronomers began at a fairly early period to criticize Ptolemaic
astronomy both on technical grounds--such as faulty observations--and on theoretical grounds.
Cloth, $55.00; paper, $19.95--For close to fifty years the University of California Press has supplied us with an unabridged translation by Stillman Drake of Galileo's most famous work, his Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems, Ptolemaic
and Copernican, first published in Florence, partly in Italian and partly in Latin, in 1632.
Will the mysterious Cleopatra reveal the secrets of the Ptolemaic
Pharoahs of Egypt and show the way to Alexander the Great?
portrays Clavius as certainly the preeminent theoretical astronomer in his day, yet one who was preoccupied with integrating Ptolemaic
planetary theory within Aristotelian physics as understood in the 16th century.
One of them, accounting for observed phenomena and gathering them under a single theoretical framework, was admirably fulfilled by the Ptolemaic
When the Fathers of the Church came to Christianize the Ptolemaic
system, they naturally postulated the existence of the primum mobile in the mind of God, and this concept of the primum mobile was of extreme importance to medieval theology.