Ptolemy II


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Ptolemy II

(Ptolemy Philadelphus) (tŏl`əmē fĭlədĕl`fəs), c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy IPtolemy I
(Ptolemy Soter) , d. 284 B.C., king of ancient Egypt, the first ruler of the Macedonian dynasty (or Lagid dynasty), son of a Macedonian named Lagus. He was one of the leading generals of Alexander the Great, and after Alexander's death (323 B.C.
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 and BereniceBerenice
, b. c.340 B.C., d. 281 or 271 B.C., consort and half-sister of Ptolemy I, king of ancient Egypt. A Macedonian, she was the widow of Philip, one of the officers of Alexander the Great, and was by this marriage the mother of Magas, king of Cyrene; Antigone, wife of
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 (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world. He completed the Pharos and encouraged the translation of the PentateuchPentateuch
[Gr.,=five books], first five books of the Old Testament. In the Hebrew Bible these books are called the Torah.
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 into the Greek SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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. Finances were reformed, and a canal was built from the Nile to the Red Sea. He warred against Syria until he married his daughter BereniceBerenice,
c.280–46 B.C., queen-consort of ancient Syria; wife of Antiochus II. She was called Berenice Syra. She was the daughter of Ptolemy II, and her marriage (252) to Antiochus II marked a temporary cessation in the wars between the Egyptian monarchs and the Seleucids.
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 to the Syrian Antiochus IIAntiochus II
(Antiochus Theos) , d. 247 B.C., king of Syria (261?–247 B.C.), son and successor of Antiochus I. In warfare with Ptolemy II he had sporadic successes, but his marriage to Ptolemy's daughter Berenice sealed the peace, and most of the Syrian possessions his
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. Ptolemy repudiated his wife Arsinoë to marry his sister, also named Arsinoë. ManethoManetho
, fl. 300 B.C., Egyptian historian, a priest at Heliopolis, under Ptolemy I and Ptolemy II. His work, covering the history of Egypt from legendary times to 323 B.C.
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, the Egyptian historian, compiled his history.

Bibliography

See P. M. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria (3 vol., 1972).

Ptolemy II

called Philadelphus. 309--246 bc, the son of Ptolemy I; king of Egypt (285--246). Under his rule the power, prosperity, and culture of Egypt was at its height
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XVI.g.) But the most likely identification is Ptolemy II. Cheshire thoroughly reviews the evidence suggesting the correctness of that identification.
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Cleopatra began to regain the territories of Ptolemy II Philadelphos in 37 BC, when Antonius awarded her Phoenicia, Coele Syria and Cyprus, as well as parts of Cilicia, Judaea and Arabia Nabataea.
Like many of his contemporaries, he used the social climate of growing Hellenistic cosmopolitanism to forge a distinguished career in Alexandria, probably during the rule of Ptolemy I and Ptolemy II. He was educated under Praxagoras, (12) a prominent physician of the Hippocratic school, in all likelihood at the school's centre on the island of Cos.
He had previously been identified as Ptolemy II: see Svoronos 1904, p.
What did the attempt to reunite all of human culture (paideia) in one and the same place, in the analogical form of all the books ever written, signify for Ptolemy I and Ptolemy II Philadelphus?
(10) Compare Callimachus, hymn 4.167 [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (the realm of Ptolemy II Philadelphus).
So Ptolemy is emphasizing his claim to leadership over the Greeks.(33) This claim or even assertion of leadership can be found in the reigns of both Ptolemy I and Ptolemy II. The first Ptolemy announced himself to be the champion of Greek freedom, the second is praised by the court poet Theocritus for the extent of his rule outside Egypt, and praised by the League of the Islands of the Aegean for all the benefits he has given the islands and the rest of the Greeks.(34) At the time of the Chremonidean War the Athenians described Ptolemy II as following the policy of his ancestor by showing his enthusiasm for the common freedom of the Greeks.(35) In these statements they were echoing the image Ptolemy II was himself projecting.
He was appointed by Ptolemy II Philadelphus, Macedonian king of Egypt, to arrange and catalog the tragedies in the library at Alexandria.
He and his son, Ptolemy II (308-246 B.C.), made the Museum the largest and most important of all the ancient universities.
Taposiris temple Taposiris Magna - Wikipedia Taposiris Temple was established by Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus between 280 and 270 BCE.