Ptolemy III

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Ptolemy III

(Ptolemy Euergetes) (tŏl`əmē yo͞oûr`jĭtēz), d. 221 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (246–221 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy IIPtolemy II
(Ptolemy Philadelphus) , c.308–246 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (285–246 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy I and Berenice (c.340–281 B.C.). He continued his father's efforts to make Alexandria the cultural center of the Greek world.
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 and the first Arsinoë. He plunged immediately into a war with Syria, where his sister, BereniceBerenice,
c.280–46 B.C., queen-consort of ancient Syria; wife of Antiochus II. She was called Berenice Syra. She was the daughter of Ptolemy II, and her marriage (252) to Antiochus II marked a temporary cessation in the wars between the Egyptian monarchs and the Seleucids.
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, was trying to secure the throne for her son. Berenice and her son were murdered before Ptolemy could arrive, and Seleucus IISeleucus II
(Seleucus Callinicus), d. 226 B.C., king of ancient Syria (247–226 B.C.), son of Antiochus II. On his father's death there was a struggle for the throne between Seleucus and his stepmother, Berenice (on behalf of her infant son).
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 held the throne, though the Egyptian king won a brilliant if impermanent victory. Egyptian fleets controlled most of the coasts of Asia Minor and E Greece, and the kingdom was enlarged by Ptolemy's marriage to BereniceBerenice,
c.273–21 B.C., queen of ancient Cyrene and Egypt. She was the daughter and successor of King Magas of Cyrene. In 247 B.C. she married Ptolemy III, thereby effectively annexing Cyrene to Egypt.
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, daughter and heiress of the king of Cyrene.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was probably named after Ptolemy III Euergetes. Its Latin name in Roman times was Tolmeta.
This remark is best interpreted in the domestic context of Kleomenes' struggle with the other royal house of Sparta, which also claimed Heraklean ancestry, rather than in a broader context involving rival Hellenistic monarchs: of Kleomenes' contemporaries only his ally Ptolemy III Euergetes claimed to be the progeny of Herakles.
The propylon of the Temple of Amon-Re Montu in the temple area of North Karnak is a remarkably preserved monument constructed during a period that extends through the reigns of Ptolemy III Euergetes I and Ptolemy IV Philopator.
So it was that the Canopus Decree was issued in the days of Ptolemy III Euergetes (238 BCE) to correct this discrepancy.
Borrowed by Ptolemy III Euergetes (247-21) against an enormous deposit (15 talents) to be recopied at the Mouseion, it stayed there; the king had the copy sent to Athens and renounced his deposit.(3) We are thus assured that the Alexandrian scholars had available the most authentic Attic text there was for their edition of the tragic dramatists.
An important council for calendar reform was convened there by Pharaoh Ptolemy III Euergetes I in 238 B.C., and the astronomer Ptolemy was headquartered there.
Suggestion of progress to, and potentially beyond, the Euphrates shows the intoxicating influence of Alexander the Great, which is as apparent in Ptolemy III Euergetes' lost inscription from Adulis (OGIS 54, transcribed by Cosmas Indicopleustes in the sixth century), lines 13ff.