Ptolemy VI

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Ptolemy VI

(Ptolemy Philometor) (tŏl`əmē fĭləmē`tər), d. 145 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (180–145 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy VPtolemy V
(Ptolemy Epiphanes) , d. 180 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (205–180 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy IV. He succeeded to the throne as a small boy, and his reign began with disastrous civil wars.
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. He became king when an infant, and his mother, Cleopatra, was regent. After her death, Antiochus IVAntiochus IV
(Antiochus Epiphanes) , d. 163 B.C., king of Syria (175 B.C.–163 B.C.), son of Antiochus III and successor of his brother Seleucus IV. His nephew (later Demetrius I) was held as a hostage in Rome, although still claiming the throne.
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 of Syria invaded Egypt, and Ptolemy was captured (170 B.C.) at Pelusium. He was forced to share the rule with his wife (also his sister), Cleopatra, and his brother, Ptolemy Physcon (later Ptolemy VIIIPtolemy VIII
(Ptolemy Physcon) , d. 116 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (145–116 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, brother of Ptolemy VI. He is also called Ptolemy Euergetes II. He was coruler with his brother and his brother's wife from 170–164 B.C.
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). Ptolemy Physcon ruled over Cyrene, Ptolemy Philometor over Egypt; trouble between the brothers ultimately caused the intervention of Rome. Ptolemy VI aided Demetrius IIDemetrius II
(Demetrius Nicator) , d. c.125 B.C., king of ancient Syria, son of Demetrius I. He was aided against the usurper, Alexander Balas, by Ptolemy VI (Ptolemy Philometer).
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 to gain the throne of Syria and was killed in battle with the rival claimant, Alexander BalasAlexander Balas
, d. 145 B.C., ruler of Syria, putative son of Antiochus IV. He seized power from his uncle Demetrius I (c.152 B.C.); Jonathan the Maccabee supported him. He died in battle against Ptolemy Philometor.
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. His young son in theory succeeded to the throne and is usually called Ptolemy VII, but he was put to death as soon as Ptolemy Physcon (who is sometimes counted as Ptolemy VII) could reach Egypt.
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This volume jumps to the turbulent times of Ptolemy VI Philometor and his brother Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (ca.