Ptolemy XII

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Ptolemy XII

(Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl`əmē ôlē`tēz), d. 51 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80–58 B.C., 55–51 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, illegitimate son of Ptolemy IXPtolemy IX
(Ptolemy Lathyrus) , d. 81 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (116–107 B.C., 88–81 B.C.) of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy VIII and the younger Cleopatra. He is also called Ptolemy Soter II. His mother ruled jointly with him and held the actual power.
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. He is also called Ptolemy Neos Dionysus. He succeeded Ptolemy XIPtolemy XI
(Ptolemy Alexander), d. 80 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty, son of Ptolemy X. His stepmother, Cleopatra Berenice, was joint ruler with her father, Ptolemy IX, and sole ruler after his death until the Romans under Sulla brought about
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 to the throne, but his violent misrule and reprehensible life caused the Alexandrians finally to rebel and unseat him in 58 B.C. He sought Roman aid and with the help of PompeyPompey
(Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) , 106 B.C.–48 B.C., Roman general, the rival of Julius Caesar. Sometimes called Pompey the Great, he was the son of Cnaeus Pompeius Strabo (consul in 89 B.C.), a commander of equivocal reputation.
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 paid Aulus Gabinius, proconsul of Syria, a huge sum to put him back on the throne. He made the Roman senate executor of his will and Pompey the guardian of his son Ptolemy XIIIPtolemy XIII,
61?–47 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (51–47 B.C.), of the Macedonian dynasty; son of Ptolemy XII. On the death of his father he was under the guardianship of Pompey.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Arsinoe IV was Cleopatra's younger half-sister or sister, both of them fathered by Ptolemy XII Auletes, though whether they shared a mother is not clear.