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Related to Ptosis: Horner's syndrome


Prolapse, abnormal depression, or falling down of an organ or part; applied especially to drooping of the upper eyelid, from paralysis of the third cranial nerve.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



drooping of the upper eyelid. It may be unilateral or bilateral, total or partial, or congenital or acquired. Congenital ptosis is caused by incomplete development or absence of the muscle that lifts the upper lid. The condition is treated by surgery.

Acquired ptosis is generally unilateral; it results from such diseases as neuritis of the oculomotor nerve and encephalitis, which lead to paresis or paralysis of the oculomotor nerve that innervates the muscle lifting the upper lid. The condition is treated by eliminating the underlying disease, by physiotherapy, and occasionally by surgery.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The proband was a 64-year-old woman who presented with ptosis, progressive dysphagia and some proximal weakness to the neurology outpatient department at Steve Biko Academic Hospital in Pretoria, SA.
Horner's syndrome comprises ipsilateral partial ptosis, pupillary meiosis, apparent enophthalmos, facial anhidrosis, heterochromia of the irides (if before age two or congenital), and transient decrease in intraocular pressure.
Other eye findings in children ptosis (16%) hypertelorism (10%) epicanthus (10%) were found.
Congenital eye malformations were seen in 2.2% which, comprised of congenital cataract (38%), congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (10%), congenital glaucoma (9%) and congenital ptosis (8%).10 Our study has 22% frequency of congenital cataract and 20% for anomalies of nasolacrimal apparatus with 98% having nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
It may also coexist with anomalies such as high arched palate, anomalies of the scapula, scoliosis, ptosis, hemi-hypertrophy and taurinuria (3,4).
The patient's blood glucose was regulated with intensive insulin treatment, the ptosis improved with pyridostigmine and diabetes education was completed.
Among their topics are managing complications of aesthetic eyelid procedures, blindness with blepharoplasty and injectables, fill-thickness eyelid resection in the treatment of secondary ptosis, preventing and treating irregularities of the lower eyelids following fat grafts, treating vertical lower lid restriction with spacers, complications of periocular injection: nodules and edema, and laser resurfacing burn to the lower lid.
Our study compared the frequency of breast asymmetry in women who have small breasts (breast augmentation patients) with that in women who have other common breast problems, such as breast ptosis and macromastia.
There were no signs of brain edema, but proptosis, ptosis and leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid from conjunctival lesion were observed.