Pu Yi

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Pu Yi

(po͞o yē) or

Henry Pu-yi,

Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the Forbidden City of Beijing until 1924. After 1925, he lived in the Japanese concession in Tianjin. In 1934, reigning under the name K'ang Te, he became the emperor of the Japanese puppet state of ManchukuoManchukuo
, former country, comprising the three provinces of NE China, traditionally called Manchuria. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and founded Manchukuo in 1932. Changchun, the capital, was renamed Xinjing [Chinese,=new capital].
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, or Manchuria. He was captured by the Russians in 1945 and kept as their prisoner. In 1946, Pu Yi testified at the Tokyo war crimes trial that he had been the unwilling tool of the Japanese militarists and not, as they claimed, the instrument of Manchurian self-determination. In 1950 he was handed over to the Chinese Communists, and he was imprisoned at Shenyang until 1959, when Mao Zedong granted him amnesty.


See his autobiography, From Emperor to Citizen (tr. by W. J. F. Jenner, 1964–65); study by H. McAleary (1963).

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References in periodicals archive ?
By some accounts, it was Kawashima who, through her ties to Chinese royalty, convinced Pu Yi to nominally head up the puppet state.
China fell into the hands of rival warlords and for a few days in 1917 Pu Yi was reinstated as emperor and then removed again.
December 2 - Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne, aged two.
THIRTY million people, the inhabitants of the new state of Manchukuo, are awaiting tomorrow's dawn, when the first ceremonies in connection with the enthronement of Mr Pu Yi, former boy Emperor of China, as Emperor of the new state will take place.
The reign of China's last emperor, Pu Yi, ended in 1912.
26 of Bertolucci's splendid tapestry centered around the true tale of hereditary Chinese monarch Pu Yi. A tale that producer Jeremy Thomas--who financed the epic entirely outside Hollywood--has said had been "hidden from history." The Criterion edition includes a longer 218-minute made-for-television version.
17 In history, the child Pu Yi became the last emperor of which country in 1908?
Occasional books and films about the tragic life of Pu Yi, the last Qing emperor, touch on his brief tenure as the puppet ruler of "Manchukuo." Shan Sa's novel, winner of the 2003 Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize, is the exception.
The Last Emperor is, of course, the title of a Hollywood movie portraying the life of Pu Yi, the last emperor of China's Ching Dynasty.
(9) Mediating between these two chiasmatic temporal trajectories in both of these films, meanwhile, is the figure of the Chinese emperor--with Lau's Chinese Odyssey featuring the Ming dynasty Zhengde emperor (reigned 1506-1521), and Feng's Big Shot's Funeral foregrounding the figure of the young Xuantong emperor, Pu Yi (reigned 1908-1912) who had the dubiou s distinction of being China's "last emperor." "Xuantong" and "Zhengde" are the emperors' reign names, and hence conventionally precede the word "emperor"; "Pu Yi," by contrast, is a personal name.
Back in 1987, Bernardo Bertolucci's The Last Emperor was a lush telling of the life and times of ``Henry'' Pu Yi (John Lone), China's last emperor.