Pu Yi


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Pu Yi

(po͞o yē) or

Henry Pu-yi,

Manchu Aisin Gioro, 1906–67, last emperor (1908–12) of China, under the reign name Hsuan T'ung. After his abdication, the new republican government granted him a large government pension and permitted him to live in the Forbidden City of Beijing until 1924. After 1925, he lived in the Japanese concession in Tianjin. In 1934, reigning under the name K'ang Te, he became the emperor of the Japanese puppet state of ManchukuoManchukuo
, former country, comprising the three provinces of NE China, traditionally called Manchuria. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931 and founded Manchukuo in 1932. Changchun, the capital, was renamed Xinjing [Chinese,=new capital].
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, or Manchuria. He was captured by the Russians in 1945 and kept as their prisoner. In 1946, Pu Yi testified at the Tokyo war crimes trial that he had been the unwilling tool of the Japanese militarists and not, as they claimed, the instrument of Manchurian self-determination. In 1950 he was handed over to the Chinese Communists, and he was imprisoned at Shenyang until 1959, when Mao Zedong granted him amnesty.

Bibliography

See his autobiography, From Emperor to Citizen (tr. by W. J. F. Jenner, 1964–65); study by H. McAleary (1963).

References in periodicals archive ?
By some accounts, it was Kawashima who, through her ties to Chinese royalty, convinced Pu Yi to nominally head up the puppet state.
China fell into the hands of rival warlords and for a few days in 1917 Pu Yi was reinstated as emperor and then removed again.
Pu Yi was the subject of the 1987 motion picture 'The Last Emperor'.
Occasional books and films about the tragic life of Pu Yi, the last Qing emperor, touch on his brief tenure as the puppet ruler of "Manchukuo.
The Last Emperor is, of course, the title of a Hollywood movie portraying the life of Pu Yi, the last emperor of China's Ching Dynasty.
9) Mediating between these two chiasmatic temporal trajectories in both of these films, meanwhile, is the figure of the Chinese emperor--with Lau's Chinese Odyssey featuring the Ming dynasty Zhengde emperor (reigned 1506-1521), and Feng's Big Shot's Funeral foregrounding the figure of the young Xuantong emperor, Pu Yi (reigned 1908-1912) who had the dubiou s distinction of being China's "last emperor.
Back in 1987, Bernardo Bertolucci's The Last Emperor was a lush telling of the life and times of ``Henry'' Pu Yi (John Lone), China's last emperor.
THIS powerful film tells the dramatic true life tale of Pu Yi, who became emperor of China at the tender age of three.
It was once owned by Sir Reginald Fleming Johnston, tutor to Pu Yi, China's last emperor.
It took another 36 hours to cross Manchuria, one-time home of the puppet emperor Pu Yi.
His early teenage years were lived within a traditional Japanese household, but against a background of hostile Chinese administration under the figurehead of the puppet emperor Henry Pu Yi.
The role of consultants goes back some 2000 years when Pu Yi, the boy ruler of China, depended heavily on a phalanx of eunuchs.