Public Authority

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Public Authority


one of the most important characteristics of a state. The Marxist-Leninist theory of the state considers public authority to be a specific variation of social compulsory authority, one that arose after society split into antagonistic classes. Public authority supplanted social authority, which was characteristic of the primitive clan-tribal system and served the interests of the entire society, whether it was a clan, tribe, or alliance of tribes.

Public authority is the political authority of the ruling class regardless of the particular state forms in which authority is organized and exercised. The chief functions of public authority are to subordinate—which includes suppressing the opposition of other classes—and to organize and control society according to the economic, political, and nonmaterial interests of this class. In class antagonistic society, public authority is in essence the dictatorship of the ruling class, a means of exploitation of the working people. The apparatus of public authority consists of armed forces, intelligence, governmental agencies, the diplomatic service, and the like. In exploiter states, public authority is alienated from society in political and organizational terms and is maintained at the expense of the working people. Taxes and loans are the material foundation and the hallmark of public authority.

In a socialist state, public authority serves the interests of the people, expresses the people’s will, and is linked to the people by numerous democratic forms that are refined as socialism develops.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Earlier, the authority was known as the Public Authority for Electricity and Water (PAEW), but after the Royal Decree 40/2018, all powers and prerogatives allocated to PAEW associated with the electricity sector were transferred to the Ministry of Oil and Gas.
Panaji (Goa) [India], July 11 ( ANI ): The Goa Raj Bhavan on Wednesday informed the Goa State Information Commission (GSIC) that the Goa Governor does not come under the purview of the Right to Information Act as the Governor is not a "Public Authority".
The program has proven its concept, by demonstrating its competence and quality after receiving the required approvals, from the Public Authority for Civil Aviation, for this unique program and the first of its kind in the history of aviation in Oman," said Abdul Aziz Al-Raisi, CEO of Oman Air.
The seminar was attended by Chairman of Civil Defence and Ambulance, the Deputy Chairman of the Public Authority for Electricity and Water for International Relations and Conferences, the Directorate General of Standards Metrology, CEOs of electricity companies, ROP and the Public Authority for Civil Defence and Ambulance officers.
Other tenders include additional works for the operation and maintenance of assets of the Public Authority for Electricity and Water (above ground) in the Governorate of Al Dhahirah valued at OMR330,960; additional works for the operation and maintenance of assets of the Public Authority for Electricity and Water (underground) in the Governorate of Al Dakhiliyah at OMR254,937.
The Kuwait National Fund for SME Development signed Memorandums of Understanding (MoUs) with nine Kuwaiti Government bodies on 30 August, including the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour, Kuwait Municipality, Public Authority for Industry, Manpower and Government Restructuring Program (MGRP), the state executive apparatus, Civil Service Commission (CSC), Public Authority for Social Security and Public Authority for Civil Information.
Justin Byrne, consultant at Leamington-based Wright Hassall, said his client's case against a public authority offered a series of cautions for contracting authorities to document evaluations correctly.
The Rise of the Public Authority: Statebuilding and Economic Development in Twentieth-Century America.
ONCE again a public authority has to backtrack on a decision it made after ignoring public opinion.
The Public Authority for Civil Defence and Ambulances recovered the body of an 18-year-old woman, who went missing on Friday in Wadi Bani Khalid.
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THE Daily Post is backing the right for everybody to be able to use social media live from public authority meetings.

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