Public Health Legislation

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Public Health Legislation


the laws issued by government and administrative organs that establish the requirements and standards for environmental protection, for working and living conditions, and for public health epidemiologic services.

The content and nature of public health legislation are determined by the state and social systems and the needs of the population in regard to health protection. In the capitalist countries this type of legislation is primarily punitive in nature and is directed at the violators of public health requirements. Public health acts have been issued in a number of countries, for example, the Public Health Act of 1875 in Great Britain and the Law on the Protection of Public Health of 1902 in France; additions and changes were later added to these laws. These old legislative enactments, however, do not ordinarily take into account modern advances in hygiene, epidemiology, and engineering and cannot guarantee the protection of the public’s health.

In prerevolutionary Russia public health requirements and rules were not adequately regulated. The basic questions of health protection and the sanitation and improvement of bodies of water and populated areas were not regulated at all. Therefore, the program of the RCP(B) that was adopted at the Eighth Congress in 1919 envisioned the “establishment of public health legislation.”

In the USSR public health legislation reflects the challenges that face the socialist state in the area of health protection. Soviet public health legislation defines the conditions and requirements that are mandatory for all ministries, organizations, enterprises, institutions, and private citizens and that are both aimed at protecting the population against the effects of harmful environmental and production factors and at preventing diseases, especially those that are infectious. Public health legislation is based on the Basic Principles of Health Legislation of the USSR and Union Republics, which was enacted in 1969. These principles include laws on the planning and improvement of populated areas, on environmental protection, on the construction and use of residential buildings, industrial enterprises, municipal structures, and school and preschool institutions, on the protection of labor, and on questions of the organization, structure, and activities of the public health epidemiologic service.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Simon Harris said: "This is the first time in the history of our State we have endeavoured to use public health legislation to address issues in respect of alcohol.
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But it was Stewart who enacted the most successful piece of public health legislation in decades.
According to Lopez, in a public health legislation the goal is to reduce the prevalence of a certain illness, nothing more.
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Categories: Health, Access to health care, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Competition, Eligibility criteria, Eligible Metropolitan Areas, Federal aid to localities, Federal funds, Formula grants, Funds management, Grant administration, Grant award procedures, Grants to local governments, Health care programs, Health care services, Health services administration, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Locally administered programs, Medicare Part A, Minority AIDS Initiative, Proposed legislation, Public health legislation, Transitional Grant Areas

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