Public Health Legislation

Public Health Legislation

 

the laws issued by government and administrative organs that establish the requirements and standards for environmental protection, for working and living conditions, and for public health epidemiologic services.

The content and nature of public health legislation are determined by the state and social systems and the needs of the population in regard to health protection. In the capitalist countries this type of legislation is primarily punitive in nature and is directed at the violators of public health requirements. Public health acts have been issued in a number of countries, for example, the Public Health Act of 1875 in Great Britain and the Law on the Protection of Public Health of 1902 in France; additions and changes were later added to these laws. These old legislative enactments, however, do not ordinarily take into account modern advances in hygiene, epidemiology, and engineering and cannot guarantee the protection of the public’s health.

In prerevolutionary Russia public health requirements and rules were not adequately regulated. The basic questions of health protection and the sanitation and improvement of bodies of water and populated areas were not regulated at all. Therefore, the program of the RCP(B) that was adopted at the Eighth Congress in 1919 envisioned the “establishment of public health legislation.”

In the USSR public health legislation reflects the challenges that face the socialist state in the area of health protection. Soviet public health legislation defines the conditions and requirements that are mandatory for all ministries, organizations, enterprises, institutions, and private citizens and that are both aimed at protecting the population against the effects of harmful environmental and production factors and at preventing diseases, especially those that are infectious. Public health legislation is based on the Basic Principles of Health Legislation of the USSR and Union Republics, which was enacted in 1969. These principles include laws on the planning and improvement of populated areas, on environmental protection, on the construction and use of residential buildings, industrial enterprises, municipal structures, and school and preschool institutions, on the protection of labor, and on questions of the organization, structure, and activities of the public health epidemiologic service.

P. N. BURGASOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The case for public health legislation is more clear and pressing as we face increasingly complex health challenges as a result of the lifestyle choices we make and environmental factors.
is considering the unique treatment of tobacco in the giant Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement, but politicians from tobacco-growing states are demanding that tobacco companies retain the right to sue governments to block public health legislation.
The findings back the Welsh Government's intention to press ahead with its proposal for a 50p a unit minimum price as part of new public health legislation.
The requirement for specialty certification to exercise regulatory authority under public health legislation
Mrs John said Scandinavian countries were examples of places where public health legislation was working thanks to governments creating conditions for good health on equal terms for the entire population.
It's an often quoted fact that doctors feel the single biggest improvement in the health of British citizens was the advent of the Public Health legislation.
Newcastle City Council has said it is still not clear how the pyres could take place and there may be difficulties in relation to planning and public health legislation.
Categories: Health, Access to health care, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Competition, Eligibility criteria, Eligible Metropolitan Areas, Federal aid to localities, Federal funds, Formula grants, Funds management, Grant administration, Grant award procedures, Grants to local governments, Health care programs, Health care services, Health services administration, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Locally administered programs, Medicare Part A, Minority AIDS Initiative, Proposed legislation, Public health legislation, Transitional Grant Areas
The relationship between FOIPP or health information legislation and any specific provisions in cancer or public health legislation can be dealt with in various ways.
In my opinion this is probably the most important piece of public health legislation since the Clean Air Act got rid of smogs.
Interestingly, a review of provincial legislation reveals only one province, Prince Edward Island, which mandates by regulation under its public health legislation that the government is to provide: ".
Heralded as the most important piece of public health legislation for a generation, the ban came into force at 6amyesterday making it illegal to smoke in virtually all enclosed public places and workplaces.

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