Public Health Legislation

Public Health Legislation

 

the laws issued by government and administrative organs that establish the requirements and standards for environmental protection, for working and living conditions, and for public health epidemiologic services.

The content and nature of public health legislation are determined by the state and social systems and the needs of the population in regard to health protection. In the capitalist countries this type of legislation is primarily punitive in nature and is directed at the violators of public health requirements. Public health acts have been issued in a number of countries, for example, the Public Health Act of 1875 in Great Britain and the Law on the Protection of Public Health of 1902 in France; additions and changes were later added to these laws. These old legislative enactments, however, do not ordinarily take into account modern advances in hygiene, epidemiology, and engineering and cannot guarantee the protection of the public’s health.

In prerevolutionary Russia public health requirements and rules were not adequately regulated. The basic questions of health protection and the sanitation and improvement of bodies of water and populated areas were not regulated at all. Therefore, the program of the RCP(B) that was adopted at the Eighth Congress in 1919 envisioned the “establishment of public health legislation.”

In the USSR public health legislation reflects the challenges that face the socialist state in the area of health protection. Soviet public health legislation defines the conditions and requirements that are mandatory for all ministries, organizations, enterprises, institutions, and private citizens and that are both aimed at protecting the population against the effects of harmful environmental and production factors and at preventing diseases, especially those that are infectious. Public health legislation is based on the Basic Principles of Health Legislation of the USSR and Union Republics, which was enacted in 1969. These principles include laws on the planning and improvement of populated areas, on environmental protection, on the construction and use of residential buildings, industrial enterprises, municipal structures, and school and preschool institutions, on the protection of labor, and on questions of the organization, structure, and activities of the public health epidemiologic service.

P. N. BURGASOV

References in periodicals archive ?
At the time, Newcastle City Council said there may be difficulties in relation to planning and public health legislation, and further guidance was needed as to the manner of cremation to ensure environmental standards and public health were protected.
At the time,Newcastle City Council said there may be difficulties in relation to planning and public health legislation, and further guidance was needed as to the manner of cremation to ensure environmental standards and public health were protected.
In 1848, the first modern public health legislation was enacted, primarily as a response to a series of cholera outbreaks sweeping across the United Kingdom, Europe, and North America as a result of international travel.
The need to reform public health legislation in WA has been widely acknowledged for many years.
The concept of public health law forms the core foundation of public health legislation.
But it was Stewart who enacted the most successful piece of public health legislation in decades.
A] significant piece of public health legislation was lost because people were focused on a difference that came from one single remark.
According to Lopez, in a public health legislation the goal is to reduce the prevalence of a certain illness, nothing more.
The findings back the Welsh Government's intention to press ahead with its proposal for a 50p a unit minimum price as part of new public health legislation.
Mrs John said Scandinavian countries were examples of places where public health legislation was working thanks to governments creating conditions for good health on equal terms for the entire population.
Categories: Health, Access to health care, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Competition, Eligibility criteria, Eligible Metropolitan Areas, Federal aid to localities, Federal funds, Formula grants, Funds management, Grant administration, Grant award procedures, Grants to local governments, Health care programs, Health care services, Health services administration, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Locally administered programs, Medicare Part A, Minority AIDS Initiative, Proposed legislation, Public health legislation, Transitional Grant Areas
7) Leprosy and the Law from Manusmriti to today with illustrative Court Cases in Civil, Criminal, and Secular Public Health Legislation.

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