public land


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Related to public land: Public Land Survey System

public land,

in U.S. history, land owned by the federal government but not reserved for any special purpose, e.g., for a park or a military reservation. Public land is also called land in the public domain. Except in Texas, which made retention of its public lands one of the conditions for joining the Union, there are no state public lands. Seven of the original states ceded their western lands to the federal government when they entered the Union. Additional public land was acquired with the Louisiana Purchase (1803), Florida (1819), Oregon (1846), the Mexican Cession (1848), the Gadsden Purchase (1853), and Alaska (1867). Almost as soon as public land was acquired the federal government began to dispose of it through grants to states, railroad companies, settlers (see Homestead ActHomestead Act,
1862, passed by the U.S. Congress. It provided for the transfer of 160 acres (65 hectares) of unoccupied public land to each homesteader on payment of a nominal fee after five years of residence; land could also be acquired after six months of residence at $1.
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, 1862), colleges (see land-grant colleges and universitiesland-grant colleges and universities,
U.S. institutions benefiting from the provisions of the Morrill Act (1862), which gave to the states federal lands for the establishment of colleges offering programs in agriculture, engineering, and home economics as well as in the
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), and cash sales. It was charged that large companies frequently acquired extensive holdings by dishonest means, and many of the new owners obtained considerable revenue by selling the land. A reaction to this easy policy set in toward the end of the 19th cent., and steps were taken to ensure the conservation of natural resourcesconservation of natural resources,
the wise use of the earth's resources by humanity. The term conservation came into use in the late 19th cent. and referred to the management, mainly for economic reasons, of such valuable natural resources as timber, fish, game, topsoil,
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 by withdrawing public lands from sale. Thereafter the government leased such land for grazing, lumbering, mining, the harnessing of water power, and other purposes, while maintaining regulatory control. By the 1970s there was considerable controversy over the need to make the best use of the public land's valuable resources while still preserving the land for future use and expanded recreational activities. Most of the nation's remaining public land is in the western part of the country, about half of it in Alaska.

Bibliography

See E. L. Peffer, The Closing of the Public Domain (1951, repr. 1972); W. C. Calef, Private Grazing and Public Lands (1960); V. Carstensen, ed., The Public Lands (1962); P. Gates, History of Public Land Law Development (1968); M. J. Rohrbough, The Land Office Business (1968).

References in periodicals archive ?
By tapping into social media, E-mail, and print publications, we can educate others about the importance of public lands and the millions of dollars hunters generate for conservation each year.
This is a clear violation of the Public Land Act,' he pointed out.
The group has been campaigning against the tethering of horses on public land, and has handed in petitions with more than 2,000 signatures to the council.
They can be found on public land, too, and they will eventually make mistakes just like any other buck.
Leasing recreation access to public land is potentially the end, and surely a major reduction, of hunting and other recreation by citizens on water management district properties which were paid for with their taxes.
However, I believe many treestand thefts could be prevented if we didn't have lazy hunters leaving hunting stands out on public land for extended periods of time.
Energy legislation or a public lands omnibus bill would provide opportunities to address unanswered questions and lingering inefficiencies related to the future of public land management and its role in climate mitigation," notes Galik.
The Trust for Public Land, working with local land conservancy groups, and state, federal officials and the Worcester Department of Public Works, recently finalized an easement on 75 acres of wooded land, with more than a mile of frontage on Scott Brook, according to Kim Gilman, public affairs manager for the Trust for Public Land.
I am honored to join the New Jersey Advisory Council of The Trust for Public Land," Zangari stated.
The United States, through its Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Department of Interior, and Bureau of Land Management, had attempted to reclassify the Pine Creek Ranch in central Nevada as public land, and thereby take the ranch without compensation to the owner, Wayne Hage.
Lyme Timber acquired the 13 Mile Woods property in 2000 with the intention of working with The Trust for Public Land (TPL) to assist in the long-term protection of the property.
and the Trust for Public Land announced plans to set aside 100,000 acres as a nature preserve.

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