publican

(redirected from Publicans)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal.

publican

[Lat.,=state employee], in ancient Rome, man who was employed by the state government under contract. As early as c.200 B.C. there was a class of men in Rome accustomed to undertaking contracts involving public works and tax collecting; the tax collectors made the most profit. The publicans were usually equitesequites
[Lat.,=horsemen], the original cavalry of the Roman army, chosen, according to legend, by Romulus from the three ancient Roman tribes; the equites were selected from the senatorial class on the basis of wealth.
..... Click the link for more information.
, or capitalists. In the Gospels—which showed the general detestation, particularly in Asia Minor, Syria, and Palestine, in which the publicans were held—the publicans mentioned were tax collectors. From the 1st cent. A.D. the abuses of the publicans began to be corrected, and by the end of the 2d cent. the publicans as a group had disappeared.

Publican

 

in ancient Rome, a person, usually an equite, who obtained state property—land, mines, saltworks—by bidding in order to exploit it. Publicans also obtained contracts for public construction or supply and the right to collect state taxes. In the case of major transactions, publican companies were established, which unrestrainedly exploited and ruined the population, especially in the provinces. From the time of the empire, beginning in the first century AD., publican activity was restricted, and tax collecting was transferred to state officials.

publican

1. (in Britain) a person who keeps a public house
2. (in ancient Rome) a public contractor, esp one who farmed the taxes of a province
References in periodicals archive ?
The Lion & Lamb in Horsley has been taken over by Gillian Humble, who has taken on her first site with Ei Publican Partnerships in a move which sees her swap planes for pints.
But they are leaving with landlords Punch Taverns now starting the search for a new publican.
"It is a day publicans want to spend with their families.
The leased and tenanted pub company counts more than 5,300 pubs across the country and will welcome existing and prospective publicans to the event.
To be a publican or licensee you should have a friendly, outgoing personality, the ability to manage staff, good planning and organisational skills and financial and numeracy skills for handling cash and book-keeping.
A survey of 600 publicans for pressure group Camra showed that 60 per cent earned less than PS10,000 and were "substantially" worse off than those free to buy beer from any supplier.
Under proposals announced by Business Secretary Vince Cable, the adjudicator will enforce a new statutory code to oversee the relationship between publicans and large pub companies.
In Wales, these measures will help struggling publicans particularly in rural areas where the pub is a vital social hub for many communities.
Many believe that the introduction of a minimum price would create a more level playing field between publicans and retailers.
"We test marketed this beer with four of the most discerning publicans in Chicago--the Hopleaf, Farmhouse, Telegraph Wine Bar, and the Publican.
SOLIHULL-based UK pub landlord Enterprise Inns has warned its publicans to be braced for a tough year ahead as costs increase and consumers face further economic uncertainty.
The Publican editor Caroline Nodder said: "Publicans have risen to the challenge of the recession by offering quality food."