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(po͞o'dŭchĕ`rē), formerly


(pŏndĭchĕ`rē, –shĕ`rē) or


(pôNdēshārē`), union territory (2001 provisional pop. 973,829), 183 sq mi (474 sq km), India. It comprises the noncontiguous enclaves of former French IndiaFrench India,
former overseas territory of France in India, composed of the coastal enclaves of Pondichéry (now Puducherry), Karikal (now Karaikal), Yanaon (now Yanam), and Mahé (now Mahe) in the south and the inland trade settlement of Chandannagar near Kolkata
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: Puducherry (formerly Pondicherry or Pondichéry) and Karaikal (formerly Karikal) on the Coromandel Coast in Tamil Nadu state, Yanam (formerly Yanaon) in Andhra Pradesh state, and Mahe (formerly Mahé) on the Malabar Coast of Kerala state. The capital of the territory is Puducherry town (1991 pop. 401,437) in the Puducherry enclave.

The four enclaves and ChandannagarChandannagar
or Chandernagore
, city (1991 pop. 122,351), West Bengal state, E India, on the Hugli River, a suburb of Kolkata (Calcutta). Founded by the French in 1686, it was of great commercial importance until the 19th cent.
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, a town near Kolkata (Calcutta), were remnants of French imperial ambition in India in the 17th and 18th cent. In 1949, Chandannagar was incorporated into West Bengal state. Under an agreement with France, India took over administration of the four enclaves on Nov. 1, 1954; a treaty ceding the settlements to India was signed in May, 1956, but it was not until Aug., 1962, that the formal transfer occurred. Despite some agitation to merge the enclaves with the states surrounding them, the territory remains under the administration of the central government of India. The enclaves on the Indian Ocean suffered destruction and loss of life from the Dec., 2004, tsunami. The territory was renamed from the colonial Pondicherry to the native Tamil Puducherry in 2006.

References in periodicals archive ?
BO) (OTC: SBKJY), an Indian public sector bank, has opened over 150,000 accounts in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry under the prime minister's Jan Dhan Yojana scheme, India's The Economic Times has reported.
He charged that the Puducherry government failed to utilize the entire Rs 146-crore assistance extended by the Union government through the HUDCO.
The IMD warned "rainfall at most places with heavy to very heavy falls at a few places and isolated extremely heavy falls (25 cm or more) would occur over north coastal Tamil Nadu and Puducherry during next 12 hrs.
Thane crossed the coast between Cuddalore and Puducherry, bringing torrential rains and gale winds that uprooted hundreds of trees and took down utility poles, disrupting power.
Other orders include projects in roads, STP (Sewerage Treatment Plant), Uranium Ore Processing Plant, Civil Works in various States including Karnataka, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh-Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh-Vijayawada, Madhya Pradesh and Puducherry.
In Puducherry, Mukherjee will attend the 23rd Convocation of Pondicherry University on September 25.
Puducherry Chief Minister V Vaithilingam, his Cabinet Collegues, Union Shipping Minister G K Vasan,TNCC President Thangkabalu and Former Union Minister Mani Shankar Aiyar were present.
Appreciating Puducherry Administration's quest for development, Mr Mukherjee assured all help from the Centre.
New Delhi, June 28 ( ANI ): The annual plan outlay of the Union Territory of Puducherry for the year 2013-14 has been fixed at 2000 crore rupees.
3 -- Plying of the Puducherry Road Transport Corporation (PRTC) buses came to a standstill following a flash strike by the drivers and conductors of the corporation today.
In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, Karunanidhi led the DMK-led DPA (UPA and Left Parties) in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry to win all 40 Lok Sabha seats.