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Puelche(pwĕl`chā), name for various hunting groups of nomadic Native Americans who roamed the Argentine Pampa, hunting guanaco and rhea. Little is known of the Puelche prior to the 18th cent. Accomplished horsemen fighting with lance and bola, they were not very numerous and were absorbed in the 18th cent. by the AraucaniansAraucanians
, South American people, occupying most of S central Chile at the time of the Spanish conquest (1540). The Araucanians were an agricultural people living in small settlements.
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An east wind which has crossed the Andes; the Andean foehn of the South American west coast.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.