Samuel von Pufendorf

(redirected from Pufendorf)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Pufendorf, Samuel von

 

Born Jan. 8, 1632, in Dorf-chemnitz; died Oct. 2, 1694, in Berlin. Representative of the 17th-century Enlightenment in Germany.

Pufendorf taught at a number of Western European universities and occupied the first chair of natural law in Europe, which was established at the University of Heidelberg. He lived in Sweden for many years, where he taught at the University of Lund.

Pufendorf accepted the concepts of natural law elaborated by H. Grotius and T. Hobbes, but he interpreted these concepts from the point of view of the German bourgeoisie, which was incapable of waging a decisive struggle against feudalism. He spoke out against theological scholasticism and against intervention by the church in affairs of state, and he criticized the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.” At the same time, however, he justified the existence of absolutism and considered slavery and serfdom to be legitimate phenomena. Pufendorf is the author of many works on jurisprudence and history. Most of them were written in Latin and later translated into various European languages.

WORKS

Elementorum jurisprudence universalis libri duo. The Hague, 1660.
De jure naturae et gentium, libri octo. Lund, 1672.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v istoriiu evropeiskuiu. … St. Petersburg, 1718 (reissued, St. Petersburg, 1723).
O dolzhnosti cheloveka i grazhdanina po zakonu estestvennomu …. St. Petersburg, 1726.

REFERENCE

Istoriia politicheskikh uchenii. Moscow, 1960. Pages238–42.
References in periodicals archive ?
(61.) See generally SAMUEL VON PUFENDORF, INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF THE PRINCIPAL KINGDOMS AND STATES OF EUROPE (Michael Scidler ed., Liberty Fund, Inc.
Esses trechos retratam as primeiras geracoes humanas como aquela dos Polifemos de Homero, dos Simplorios de Grocio, dos "[...] lancados nesse mundo sem nenhum cuidado ou ajuda de Deus de Pufendorf' (Vico, 1992, [section] 338).
La imputacion ordinaria y extraordinaria en Pufendorf, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Centro de Investigacion en Filosofia y Derecho, Colombia, Trad.
(8) Deveras, ha uma intensa disputa entre os estudiosos da obra de Pufendorf: se ele teria ou nao fundado a igualdade natural com base na dignidade humana--linha interpretativa de Hans Welzel, pai da teoria finalista da acao no Direito penal, segundo a qual a dignidade humana foi valor basilar para que Pufendorf elaborasse sua teoria do direito natural, em antecipacao a obra de Kant.
En defensa de esa tradicion juridica, Graef no tenia ningun pudor en apelar a la autoridad de humanistas y iusnaturalistas como Lipsio, Klock, Grocio, Pufendorf o Schelius.
His advice to the illustrious Seabury: "Apply yourself, without delay, to the study of the law of nature." To the introductory student of natural law, Hamilton recommended Grotius, Pufendorf, Locke, Montesquieu, and Burlamaqui along with "other excellent writers on this subject." These writers, as well as "[g]ood and wise men, in all ages," taught that "the deity, from the relations, we stand in, to himself and to each other, has constituted an eternal and immutable law, which is, indispensably, obligatory upon all mankind, prior to any human institution whatever." And it is upon this law, Hamilton insisted, that the "natural rights of mankind" depend.
Patrick Bormann et al., "Die kreditgenossenschaftlichen Zentralinstitute," in Guinnane et al., Die Geschichte der DZ BANK, 210-16; Heide Barmeyer, Andreas Hermes und die Organisationen der deutschen Landwirtschaft (Stuttgart, 1971), 130-42; Astrid von Pufendorf, Otto Klepper: (1888-1957) deutscher Patriot und Weltburger (Munich, 1997), 64-72; Helmut Faust, Geschichte der Genossenschaftsbewegung, 314, 336-38.
Despues de la posicion luterana, la autora pasa revista de los hitos mas representativos del pensamiento juridico de la modernidad: Suarez, Crocio, Pufendorf, Tomasius, Kant.
Grandes figuras de la Humanidad defendieron estas causas, como Vitoria, Las Casas, Inca Garcilaso, Grotius, (6) Jean Bodin, Pufendorf Hobbes, Locke, Vattel, Jefferson, Rousseau, Voltaire, Kant, entre otros.
Ao se falar em direito natural racionalista, e imediata a lembranca dos quatro autores que mais marcaram essa tendencia do pensamento juridico e filosofico moderno: Grotius, Pufendorf, Thomasius e Wolff.
Autores como Samuel von Pufendorf (49), Emer de Vattel (50) y William Blackstone (51), por ejemplo, lo incorporaron plenamente a sus teorias.