Samuel von Pufendorf

(redirected from Pufendorf)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Pufendorf, Samuel von

 

Born Jan. 8, 1632, in Dorf-chemnitz; died Oct. 2, 1694, in Berlin. Representative of the 17th-century Enlightenment in Germany.

Pufendorf taught at a number of Western European universities and occupied the first chair of natural law in Europe, which was established at the University of Heidelberg. He lived in Sweden for many years, where he taught at the University of Lund.

Pufendorf accepted the concepts of natural law elaborated by H. Grotius and T. Hobbes, but he interpreted these concepts from the point of view of the German bourgeoisie, which was incapable of waging a decisive struggle against feudalism. He spoke out against theological scholasticism and against intervention by the church in affairs of state, and he criticized the “Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation.” At the same time, however, he justified the existence of absolutism and considered slavery and serfdom to be legitimate phenomena. Pufendorf is the author of many works on jurisprudence and history. Most of them were written in Latin and later translated into various European languages.

WORKS

Elementorum jurisprudence universalis libri duo. The Hague, 1660.
De jure naturae et gentium, libri octo. Lund, 1672.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v istoriiu evropeiskuiu. … St. Petersburg, 1718 (reissued, St. Petersburg, 1723).
O dolzhnosti cheloveka i grazhdanina po zakonu estestvennomu …. St. Petersburg, 1726.

REFERENCE

Istoriia politicheskikh uchenii. Moscow, 1960. Pages238–42.
References in periodicals archive ?
La imputacion ordinaria y extraordinaria en Pufendorf, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Centro de Investigacion en Filosofia y Derecho, Colombia, Trad.
En defensa de esa tradicion juridica, Graef no tenia ningun pudor en apelar a la autoridad de humanistas y iusnaturalistas como Lipsio, Klock, Grocio, Pufendorf o Schelius.
BEYOND THESE INTRODUCTORY LEGAL texts, there were scores of other books that explicated the law of nature specifically, including the works of Hugo Grotius, Samuel Pufendorf, John Locke, and the others whom Hamilton had commended to Bishop Seabury on the eve of the American Revolution.
Pero Pufendorf da un paso mas hacia el normativismo racionalista autonomo.
Compreender bem Wolff exige conhecer a tradicao do jusnaturalismo racionalista que o precedeu, especialmente Grotius, Pufendorf e Thomasius.
Muchos de estos deberes, que Pufendorf consideraba universales, no tendrian ningun sentido para una sociedad como la contemporanea, sobre todo los mas propiamente religiosos.
Like Grotius, Pufendorf also felt that the sovereign had the power to take property to be given in peace treaties.
Autores como Samuel von Pufendorf (49), Emer de Vattel (50) y William Blackstone (51), por ejemplo, lo incorporaron plenamente a sus teorias.
This lent to human law an authoritative character that thinkers like Samuel von Pufendorf would expand.
8) The fact that Pufendorf was a Lutheran who wrote a critical history of the Catholic Church and that his theories were taught at the generally Calvinist University of Glasgow, demonstrates that the scholastic outline of economic theory was broadly known and accepted by both Catholics and Protestants.