Pugwash Conferences


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Pugwash Conferences

 

(formally called Conferences on Science and World Affairs), international meetings of scientists supporting peace, disarmament, and international security, the prevention of world thermonuclear war, and scientific cooperation. The first conference was convened at the initiative of a group of world-renowned scientists, including A. Einstein, J. F. Joliot-Curie, and B. Russell, who in 1955 called on the scientists of all countries to speak out against the military uses of atomic energy. It was held in July 1957 in Pugwash, Canada, at the home of the American public figure and industrialist C. Eaton. At this conference, a permanent Pugwash committee was formed, with its home office in London. Subsequent conferences were held once or twice a year.

Table 1. Pugwash conferences
ConferencePlaceDate
First………….Pugwash, N.S., CanadaJuly 1957
Second………..Lac Beauport, Que., CanadaApril-May 1958
Third …………Kitzbühel, AustriaSeptember 1958
Fourth…………Baden, AustriaJune-July 1959
Fifth………….Pugwash, N.S., CanadaAugust 1959
Sixth …………Moscow, USSRNovember-December 1960
Seventh and eighth ….Stowe, Vt, USASeptember 1961
Ninth …………Cambridge, Great BritainAugust 1962
Tenth …………London, Great BritainSeptember 1962
Eleventh ……….Dubrovnik, YugoslaviaSeptember 1963
Twelfth ………..Udaipur, IndiaJanuary 1964
Thirteenth ………Karlovy Vary, CzechoslovakiaSeptember 1964
Fourteenth ………Venice, ItalyApril 1965
Fifteenth ……….Addis Ababa, EthiopiaDecember 1965-January 1966
Sixteenth……….Sopot, PolandSeptember 1966
Seventeenth……..Ronneby, SwedenSeptember 1967
Eighteenth ………Nice, FranceSeptember 1968
Nineteenth ………Sochi, USSROctober 1969
Twentieth……….Fontana, Wis., USASeptember 1970
Twenty-first ……..Sinaia, RumaniaAugust-September 1971
Twenty-second ……Oxford, Great BritainSeptember 1972
Twenty-third ……..Hameenlinna, FinlandAugust-September 1973
Twenty-fourth …….Baden, AustriaAugust-September 1974

See Table 1 for a list of the Pugwash conferences.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs is a reputable international platform which unites scientists, political and public figures determined to decrease the risks of armed conflicts and find solutions to confront global security challenges.
President Masood Khan appreciated the constructive role being played by Pugwash conferences in pursuit of peace and stability all around the world.
He is currently president of the 1995 Nobel Peace Laureate Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs.
Sir Joseph Rotblat (who worked at the University of Liverpool from 1939-1949, becoming director of research in nuclear physics and who, in 1995, received the Nobel Peace Prize in conjunction with the Pugwash Conferences, for their efforts towards nuclear disarmament), Oliver Lodge (responsible for the first radio transmission and taking the first medical x-ray) and Prof.
Organisations that have earlier been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize include the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for the peaceful use of nuclear energy, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL), and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs that has campaigned to abolish nuclear arms.
He represents Pugwash Conferences and World Affairs, a Nobel Prize-winning NGO, in Pakistan and is a council member.
Between 1974 and 1986 Subrahmanyam also served on a number of United Nations and other multilateral study groups, on issues such as Indian Ocean affairs, disarmament and nuclear deterrence; and also at various Pugwash conferences as a senior member.
He helped found The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.
Holdren, a professor of environmental policy at Harvard University, led the Pugwash Conferences on science and world affairs, an international organisation of prominent scientists that won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1995.
What is the purpose of the international Pugwash Conferences, held in Canada since 1957?
That challenge led to the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs and their persistent arms control initiatives, which flourished during the Cold War and continue today.
Ten years ago, the prize went to Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and 10 years before that to the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.