Pugwash Conferences


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Pugwash Conferences

 

(formally called Conferences on Science and World Affairs), international meetings of scientists supporting peace, disarmament, and international security, the prevention of world thermonuclear war, and scientific cooperation. The first conference was convened at the initiative of a group of world-renowned scientists, including A. Einstein, J. F. Joliot-Curie, and B. Russell, who in 1955 called on the scientists of all countries to speak out against the military uses of atomic energy. It was held in July 1957 in Pugwash, Canada, at the home of the American public figure and industrialist C. Eaton. At this conference, a permanent Pugwash committee was formed, with its home office in London. Subsequent conferences were held once or twice a year.

Table 1. Pugwash conferences
ConferencePlaceDate
First………….Pugwash, N.S., CanadaJuly 1957
Second………..Lac Beauport, Que., CanadaApril-May 1958
Third …………Kitzbühel, AustriaSeptember 1958
Fourth…………Baden, AustriaJune-July 1959
Fifth………….Pugwash, N.S., CanadaAugust 1959
Sixth …………Moscow, USSRNovember-December 1960
Seventh and eighth ….Stowe, Vt, USASeptember 1961
Ninth …………Cambridge, Great BritainAugust 1962
Tenth …………London, Great BritainSeptember 1962
Eleventh ……….Dubrovnik, YugoslaviaSeptember 1963
Twelfth ………..Udaipur, IndiaJanuary 1964
Thirteenth ………Karlovy Vary, CzechoslovakiaSeptember 1964
Fourteenth ………Venice, ItalyApril 1965
Fifteenth ……….Addis Ababa, EthiopiaDecember 1965-January 1966
Sixteenth……….Sopot, PolandSeptember 1966
Seventeenth……..Ronneby, SwedenSeptember 1967
Eighteenth ………Nice, FranceSeptember 1968
Nineteenth ………Sochi, USSROctober 1969
Twentieth……….Fontana, Wis., USASeptember 1970
Twenty-first ……..Sinaia, RumaniaAugust-September 1971
Twenty-second ……Oxford, Great BritainSeptember 1972
Twenty-third ……..Hameenlinna, FinlandAugust-September 1973
Twenty-fourth …….Baden, AustriaAugust-September 1974

See Table 1 for a list of the Pugwash conferences.

References in periodicals archive ?
He is currently president of the 1995 Nobel Peace Laureate Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs.
SGI-Denmark hosted a youth meeting on September 8 at which John Scales Avery, chair of the Danish Committee of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, stressed that the vast majority of the world's people have said "no" to nuclear weapons, and at SGI-UK's South London National Centre in Brixton, a multimedia exhibition "LIFE -- truth, justice, dignity" calling for nuclear abolition was opened by Prof.
Ten years ago, the prize went to Joseph Rotblat and the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, and 10 years before that to the International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
In an opening address at the 55th Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Hitoshi Onishi, representative of the national Pugwash group of Japan, expressed alarm over the state of nuclear proliferation, in light of the collapse of the review conference for the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in New York in May, the planned development of a new type of small nuclear weapon, and stepped-up nuclear proliferation.
Following the release of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, Joseph Rotblat, today the document's last living signer, took the lead in forming the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, launched two years later.
The summit was to be co-sponsored by the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs and the Gorbachev Foundation, headed by former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, winner of the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize.
Sir Joseph Rotblat, a founder of the disarmament group Pugwash Conferences, says the United States and Britain are in breach of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Pugwash Conferences in 1959 and 1960 played a significant role in shaping the Freedom From War blueprint for "general and complete disarmament" unveiled in a 1961 address to the United Nations by John F.
When Rotblat found out last October that he and the Pugwash conferences had shared the Nobel Prize, he decided he would not allow the award to affect his life.
The talks were informal and sponsored by a private group, the Pugwash Conferences, an international organisation that won a Nobel Peace Prize for its peacemaking efforts, rather than undertaken directly by the Afghan government and the Taliban.
A signatory of the Russell-Einstein Manifesto, he was secretary general of the Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs from its founding until 1973.
The Pugwash Peace Exchange is a Canadian initiative to build an "interpretive, education and research facility, based on the history and work of the Pugwash Conferences.