Pullman strike


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Pullman strike,

in U.S. history, an important labor dispute. On May 11, 1894, workers of the Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago struck to protest wage cuts and the firing of union representatives. They sought support from their union, the American Railway Union (ARU), led by Eugene V. DebsDebs, Eugene Victor,
1855–1926, American Socialist leader, b. Terre Haute, Ind. Leaving high school to work in the railroad shops in Terre Haute, he became a railroad fireman (1871) and organized (1875) a local of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen.
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, and on June 26 the ARU called a boycott of all Pullman railway cars. Within days, 50,000 rail workers complied and railroad traffic out of Chicago came to a halt. When the railroad owners asked the federal government to intervene, Attorney General Richard Olney, a director of the Burlington and Santa Fe railroads, obtained (July 2) a court injunction. On July 4, President Cleveland dispatched troops to Chicago. Much rioting and bloodshed ensued, but the government's actions broke the strike and the boycott soon collapsed. Debs and three other union officials were jailed for disobeying the injunction.

Bibliography

See A. Lindsey, The Pullman Strike (1942, repr. 1964); W. Cawardine, The Pullman Strike (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
Farrell's argument challenges a widely held belief that Cleveland rushed the legislation through in the midst of one of his presidency's most fraught moments: the Pullman Strike.
Consider the Homestead Steel strike in 1892, the Pullman strike of 1893 or the Chicago Haymarket riots of 1886.
Second, I explore William McKinley and Grover Cleveland's actions during the 1894 Pullman Strike.
Sensing Chicago closely examines five specific, historical aspects of the city: the Chicago River, the Great Fire, the 1894 Pullman Strike, the publication of Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle" (which notoriously exposed some of the most stomach-turning aspects of the meat industry), and the rise of the White City amusement park as well as its fall due to the Great Depression.
564 (1895), which was a Supreme Court hearing of Eugene Debs's appeal of his lower-court conviction for contempt, stemming from his refusal to obey a court injunction against the American Railway Union, of which Debs served as president, to stop the Pullman Strike of 1894.
The Pullman Strike of 1894 turned deadly when thousands of U.
In 1897, President Grover Cleveland and Congress made a September Labor Day an official national holiday, in part as a way to quell unrest and anger following another and still bloodier labor clash, the nationwide Pullman Strike.
Death at Chinatown is the fifth book in McNamara's Chicago-centered Emily Cabot mystery series -- which previously saw the protagonist solve cases during the World's Columbian Exposition and the Pullman Strike.
In his second term, Cleveland would be confronted with just such a threat in the crippling Pullman Strike of 1894.
Given that, as Jentz and Schneirov acknowledge, this "hegemony" broke down dramatically in the eight-hour day strikes of 1886, then again during the Pullman strike of 1894, the usefulness of hegemony as an organizing principle is questionable at best; clearly, large groups of Chicago's workers continued to question the new capitalist order after the period explored by the book, and did not consent to it in any meaningful way.
laborers six days after the bitter and bloody Pullman Strike had collapsed.
Circumstances could be frightening, as when Blessed Sacrament Sisters far from their Pennsylvania convent found themselves caught in the turmoil of the bitter and brutal nationwide Pullman Strike of 1894.