Pullman strike


Also found in: Legal, Wikipedia.

Pullman strike,

in U.S. history, an important labor dispute. On May 11, 1894, workers of the Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago struck to protest wage cuts and the firing of union representatives. They sought support from their union, the American Railway Union (ARU), led by Eugene V. DebsDebs, Eugene Victor,
1855–1926, American Socialist leader, b. Terre Haute, Ind. Leaving high school to work in the railroad shops in Terre Haute, he became a railroad fireman (1871) and organized (1875) a local of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and on June 26 the ARU called a boycott of all Pullman railway cars. Within days, 50,000 rail workers complied and railroad traffic out of Chicago came to a halt. When the railroad owners asked the federal government to intervene, Attorney General Richard Olney, a director of the Burlington and Santa Fe railroads, obtained (July 2) a court injunction. On July 4, President Cleveland dispatched troops to Chicago. Much rioting and bloodshed ensued, but the government's actions broke the strike and the boycott soon collapsed. Debs and three other union officials were jailed for disobeying the injunction.

Bibliography

See A. Lindsey, The Pullman Strike (1942, repr. 1964); W. Cawardine, The Pullman Strike (1973).

References in periodicals archive ?
This near consensus on the heroism of Debs notwithstanding, the Pullman Strike was anything but the lopsided steamrolling of peaceful protesters by federal troops that many scholars would have us believe.
Debs, who had defiantly persisted in the strike despite the federal injunction against him and even despite the cooler counsel of fellow labor activist Samuel Gompers (associated with the AFL), was not a socialist at the time of the Pullman Strike.
The Pullman strike bookended a near decade-long period of labor unrest, which included notable and infamous episodes of violence, such as the Haymarket riot of 1886 as well as strikes against the Carnegie Corporation, numerous railroad strikes, and a longshoreman's strike in New Orleans.
Debs in the Pullman Strike of 1894 and young Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb in a sensational Chicago murder trial in 1924.
Among much else, The Metaphysical Club covers the Pullman strike of 1894, the creation of Johns Hopkins University, the Confederate victory at Bali's Bluff, Va.
In 1895, Darrow defended labor leader Eugene Debs on conspiracy charges following the Pullman strike curing which President Grover Cleveland ordered in federal troops.
Edward Bemis, economics professor at the University of Chicago, was dropped from the faculty in 1895 for publicly criticizing the railroad corporations during the Pullman strike.
Debs came out of the railway labor movement and achieved prominence as leader of the great Pullman strike of 1894.
The resulting Pullman Strike of 1894, possibly the most famous strike in American labor history, paralyzed much of the commerce in the western half of the Nation before being broken by an alliance of railroad management and the full legal and military power of the Federal Government.
In the years following the Pullman strike, the Brotherhood of Pullman Porters was established, creating the first African-American labor union and producing jobs that helped fuel the migration from the South to northern cities.
EUGENE VICTOR DEBS remained constantly in the American public eye from the time of his trial for refusing to obey a federal injunction during the Pullman strike of 1894.
Almost all of them discussed the same three strikes: the 1877 railroad strikes, the 1892 Homestead strike, and the 1894 Pullman strike.