Pullman strike

Also found in: Legal, Wikipedia.

Pullman strike,

in U.S. history, an important labor dispute. On May 11, 1894, workers of the Pullman Palace Car Company in Chicago struck to protest wage cuts and the firing of union representatives. They sought support from their union, the American Railway Union (ARU), led by Eugene V. DebsDebs, Eugene Victor,
1855–1926, American Socialist leader, b. Terre Haute, Ind. Leaving high school to work in the railroad shops in Terre Haute, he became a railroad fireman (1871) and organized (1875) a local of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen.
..... Click the link for more information.
, and on June 26 the ARU called a boycott of all Pullman railway cars. Within days, 50,000 rail workers complied and railroad traffic out of Chicago came to a halt. When the railroad owners asked the federal government to intervene, Attorney General Richard Olney, a director of the Burlington and Santa Fe railroads, obtained (July 2) a court injunction. On July 4, President Cleveland dispatched troops to Chicago. Much rioting and bloodshed ensued, but the government's actions broke the strike and the boycott soon collapsed. Debs and three other union officials were jailed for disobeying the injunction.


See A. Lindsey, The Pullman Strike (1942, repr. 1964); W. Cawardine, The Pullman Strike (1973).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
The Pullman strike was the first national strike in America, riveting the country to the burgeoning labor movement.
The historical discussion recounts organizing efforts from as far back as the early 1800s and includes reviews of some of the most contentious labor disputes in American history--including the Haymarket affair, the Homestead strike, the Pullman strike, and the wave of strikes that dominated the post-World War II era.
Farrell's argument challenges a widely held belief that Cleveland rushed the legislation through in the midst of one of his presidency's most fraught moments: the Pullman Strike. In an essay titled "The Government in the Chicago Strike of 1894", Cleveland wrote that a "very determined and ugly labour disturbance broke out in the city of Chicago".
Consider the Homestead Steel strike in 1892, the Pullman strike of 1893 or the Chicago Haymarket riots of 1886.
Second, I explore William McKinley and Grover Cleveland's actions during the 1894 Pullman Strike. Third, I take a closer look at Coolidge's actions during the 1919 Boston Police Strike.
President Cleveland and Congress unanimously created the nationally recognized holiday in 1894 after intervening in the Pullman Strike that resulted in the death of numerous workers at the hands of the U.S.
Sensing Chicago closely examines five specific, historical aspects of the city: the Chicago River, the Great Fire, the 1894 Pullman Strike, the publication of Upton Sinclair's "The Jungle" (which notoriously exposed some of the most stomach-turning aspects of the meat industry), and the rise of the White City amusement park as well as its fall due to the Great Depression.
564 (1895), which was a Supreme Court hearing of Eugene Debs's appeal of his lower-court conviction for contempt, stemming from his refusal to obey a court injunction against the American Railway Union, of which Debs served as president, to stop the Pullman Strike of 1894.
The Pullman Strike of 1894 turned deadly when thousands of U.S.
In 1897, President Grover Cleveland and Congress made a September Labor Day an official national holiday, in part as a way to quell unrest and anger following another and still bloodier labor clash, the nationwide Pullman Strike.
Death at Chinatown is the fifth book in McNamara's Chicago-centered Emily Cabot mystery series -- which previously saw the protagonist solve cases during the World's Columbian Exposition and the Pullman Strike. This story takes place in 1896, with Cabot meeting a pair of young female doctors from China during their visit to the States.
In his second term, Cleveland would be confronted with just such a threat in the crippling Pullman Strike of 1894.