45) See, for example, the NSC's and 4th Army's condescension of PULO
President Kasturi Mahkota's call for southern "autonomy" and bid for media exposure at "Malaysia Key to South Fight, NSC Chief Says," Bangkok Post, February 27, 2013.
45 Further, the insurgent groups had no demonstrable organizational links with older bodies such as PULO, despite the latter's public pronouncements to that effect.
19) Author's interview with captured insurgent from Rangae District, Narathiwat, 12 March 2009; interview with PULO member (resident of Yala) in Kuala Lumpur, 25 February 2010; interview with lawyer from Muslim Attorney Center, Yala province, 3 May 2010.
73) Nonetheless, Malaysia did reportedly arrange one meeting between the Thai government and southern insurgents, when Prime Minister Surayud met PULO representatives in Bahrain in 2007.
In December 2004 Thais were quick to seize on a claim by Kelantan UMNO chief, Annuar Musa, that the state branch of Perkim (a government-linked Islamic missionary organization) had given RM120,000 to PULO.
was founded in the early 1970s in Thailand's four southernmost provinces -- Yala, Pattani, Satun and Narathiwat, but after the Thai government introduced an amnesty policy to persuade them to give up arms and join the nation, the separatist group has seen its followers and guerrillas numbers dwindle.
demands from PULO which focused on granting more autonomy to the three
PULO accuses the Thai government of not negotiating in good
PULO, who was alleged to be behind this protest, manipulated the character of the victims as Muslims rather than Malays.
In September 1977, PULO was involved in a bombing during a royal visit to pondok in Yala and orchestrated another bombing in October 1979 at a Yala railway station.
The original PULO
does not have much military power on the ground; Barisan Nasional Pembebasan Pattani/Barisan Islam Pembebasan Pattani (BNPP/BIPP) is largely defunct and Bersatu--an umbrella organization attempting loose political coordination among separatist groups--is believed to have no direct military operations in Thailand.
Some of the more significant regional links include those between the Thai Pattani United Liberation Organization, or PULO
, with those of the Free Aceh Movement (GAM).