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see pumapuma
or cougar
, New World member of the cat family, Puma concolor. Also known as mountain lion, catamount, panther, and painter, it ranges from S British Columbia to the southern tip of South America. The puma is slenderly built, with a lionlike face.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Felis concolor, or Puma concolor), also puma or mountain lion, a mammal of the family Felidae. The body length is usually 100–180 cm, the tail length 60-75 cm, and the weight approximately 100 kg. The cougar is brownish yellow, with the upper part of the body somewhat darker than the lower. The chin is almost white, and the tail is dark. The young have dark spots.

The cougar is found in the Americas, from Canada to Patagonia. It usually dwells along the edges of forests and in the mountains; it is occasionally encountered in steppes. The cougar is a nocturnal animal. A litter contains two or three cubs. Cougars are few in number throughout their range, and, in some places, they have been exterminated. They sometimes cause damage to livestock raising and the hunting industry. The hunting of cougars is restricted and, in some regions, forbidden.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


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References in periodicals archive ?
En el caso de Bolivia, revisiones recientes (Flores & Miranda, 2003) le otorgan a la variedad andina de puma (Puma concolor osgoodi), la existente en el PNTT (Garcia-Crispieri et al., 2006 a), el estatus C2a de la UICN.
Spatial and temporal interactions of sympatric jaguars (Panthera onca) and Pumas (Puma concolor) in a neotropical forest.
Carnivore Species Scientific Name CITES Listing Canidae bush dog Speothos venaticus Appendix I maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus Appendix II pampas fox Pseudalopex gymnocercus Appendix II Mustelidae long-tailed otter Lontra longicaudus Appendix I giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis Appendix I Felidae jaguar Panthera onca Appendix I puma Puma concolor Appendix II ocelot Leopardus pardalis Appendix I margay Leopardus wiedii Appendix I oncilla Leopardus tigrina Appendix I jaguarundi Herpailurus vagouaroundi Appendix II Geoffroy's cat Oncifelis geoffroyi Appendix I pampas cat Oncifelis colocolo Appendix II Table 2.
Ecologia poblacional del jaguar (Panthera onca) y puma (Puma concolor) y dieta de jaguar, en el sector Pacifico de la Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica (Bachelor's thesis).
gouazoubira, Pecari tajacu y Puma concolor pueden ser incluidas dentro de la categoria catemeral (Tabla 2).
The puma Puma concolor is a large, solitary felid that has commanded considerable research attention in forested ecosystems of North America, but minimal attention in the open steppe habitats of South America (Hornocker & Negri 2010).
Other mammals were recorded for signs or interviews during the development of this survey, including the Puma Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771), the Anta T.