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(pyo͞o`mə) or


(ko͞o`gər), New World member of the catcat,
name applied broadly to the carnivorous mammals constituting the family Felidae, and specifically to the domestic cat, Felis catus. The great roaring cats, the lion, tiger, and leopard are anatomically very similar to one another and constitute the genus
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 family, Puma concolor. Also known as mountain lion, catamount, panther, and painter, it ranges from S British Columbia to the southern tip of South America. The puma is slenderly built, with a lionlike face. There is great variation both in size and in color, and pumas at the extremes of their geographic range are much larger than those of the tropics. Adult males of the cooler regions average about 7 ft (2.1 m) in length, including the 30-in. (76-cm) tail, and about 28 in. (71 cm) in shoulder height; they weigh up to 175 lb (80 kg). Females are smaller. The fur is yellow-brown, red-brown, or gray; the puma is distinguished from the other large New World cat, the jaguar, by its lack of spots.

Pumas are found in almost every type of country, including mountain tops, grasslands, deserts, and temperate and tropical forests. They are solitary hunters, preying on animals up to the size of deer. Some individuals prey on livestock, and farmers have waged extensive war on the species, which is nonetheless still numerous in Central and South America. In North America it had largely disappeared from the eastern two thirds of the continent by 1950, except for some survivors in Florida. Since then, however, there has been expansion of its range, especially in the central United States W of the Mississippi; there have been occasional confirmed pumas in New England since the mid-1990s. Some of the individuals spotted in the East, however, have been pets that were released. Pumas avoid contact with humans and rarely attack them.

Pumas are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Carnivora, family Felidae.

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(vertebrate zoology)
Felis concolor. A large, tawny brown wild cat (family Felidae) once widespread over most of the Americas. Also known as American lion; catamount; cougar; mountain lion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


a large American feline mammal, Felis concolor, that resembles a lion, having a plain greyish-brown coat and long tail
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


(Programmable Universal Micro Accelerator) A Chips and Technologies chipset that accelerates graphics operations for the screen and printer.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Puma species are predominantly found in the mountains from southern Canada to the tip of South America.
Glamorgan threw everything at the young Pumas in the second period in a bid to get the equaliser and, as a result, a quick counterattack in the dying minutes saw Mboma get his second to send the Pumas into round two by a sensational 7-5 scoreline.
But using this previous puma rescuer as a model, scientists have proposed a solution.
It has never come out until now." He added the pumas could have strayed to Bodmin.
El puma, Puma concolor, presenta el mayor rango de distribucion entre los mamiferos terrestres silvestres en el hemisferio occidental (Logan y Sweanor, 2001), lo cual lo expone a una gran variedad de ensambles de presas desde el oeste de Canada hasta el sur de Argentina y Chile.
We used logistic regression to test whether the number of hounds in a chase explained the likelihood of a successful capture, and a second logistic regression to test whether the number of hounds in a chase explained the likelihood of a fight between dogs and pumas during capture.
Food Habits and Livestock Depredation of Sympatric Jaguars and Pumas in the Iguacu National Park, South Brazil.
The youngsters are led by Puma group founder Tara-Jane Jemson.
Like the original Segway, Puma is powered by electric motors--in this ease, one in each wheel--with an advanced lithium-ion battery pack, and electric steering and braking.
The Rugby Town starlet pounced to head home a Gerard McGahey cross in time added on, after second half goals from Pumas' Owen St John and Sukhi Nijjar had eclipsed Gerry Grady's opener.