Punan


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Punan

 

a group of Dayak tribes, including the Punan, Ukit, Beketan, and Basap tribes. The Punan live predominantly in Indonesia. They number approximately 60,000 (1972, estimate). Their languages belong to the Indonesian group of the Malayan-Polynesian language family. The Punan retain ancient and traditional religious beliefs. They are one of the oldest groups of nomadic gatherers and hunters, roaming the depths of the tropical forest near the headstreams of the rivers of Central Kalimantan. Their chief occupations are gathering wild fruits and resins and hunting.

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City life in the midst of the forest: a Punan hunter-gatherer's vision of conservation and development.
'Ang ibig sabihin nito, kailangan nating punan ang pagsasaka para maging kaakit-akit na pagkakakitaan, dahil kailangan nating lahat ng pagkain para mabuhay [This means that we need to make farming an attractive enterprise, because we all need food to live],' the senator said.
'Rationalization ng ating health care staff (punan ng mga kwalipikadong tao ang bawat posisyon; wala dapat propesyonal na job order pa rin),' Sotto said.
"Meron pong nabibigyan ng SWPs na mismo ang DOLE nagugulat bakit mabibigyan ang isang construction worker, ang call center agent...mechanic helper, mechanic feeder, di po ba yan kayang punan ng ating mga kababayan?" the senator said in his interpellation, recalling the hearing conducted by his committee last year on the issue.
However, the existing and planned mining sites in Murung Raya overlap with land inhabited by a number of ethnic groups, such as the Murung and Punan Murung, all subsumed under the term 'Dayak'; (3) thus, access and rights to land become increasingly contested.
There were also 1,020 schools which were in dilapidated condition which had contributed to mishaps like the collapsed hostel at SK Punan Ba in Belaga in 2011.
The search for and trade in forest products represent important economic activities for the majority of the residents of the village, who belong to the Punan Murung ethnic group.
There are at least seven different ethnic subdivision belonging to the Dayak, according to their respective native languages: Ngaju, Apo Kayan (including another group called Orang Ulu and smaller groups in Malaysia), Iban (also called Hiban, they are Sea Dayak), Bidayuh (Land Dayak), Ot Danum, Punan and Murut.
Herwig Zahorka, another frequent contributor to the BRB, turns our attention next to three small groups, two of them Punan and one Penan, living in East Kalimantan.
Significant indigenous communities in the state of Sarawak include the Iban, Bidayuh, Kenyah, Kayan, Kedayan, Murut, Punan, Bisayah, Kelabit, Berawan and Penan.
The second reintroduction site, Songjiang Punan Woodland was established in 2008.