A decade of trade under Brooke rule and the transformation of the Baram district meant that "dollars and cents have found their way far into the interior, so that even the Punans know the purchasing power of dollars" (Hose 1894:168).
Hose wrote of the area in his time as being that of the "Malay and Chinaman" downriver, but that upriver it was the country chiefly of the Kenyah ("great river people") and the Kayan, the latter group exercising the greatest influence in the area--with the Punan as "invaluable people" for their knowledge of the forest (Hose 1929:66, 101).
The photographs and descriptions of little-known regions and peoples of the Pacific, especially Borneo and the Punans
, add much to the book.
He described the Punans
as "a strong, healthy, well-knit looking lot, light in color in comparison with other native tribes, probably from living in the dark recesses of the jungle.
The nomadic Punans
also extended a helping hand to Sochon and his comrades.
Adaptation to a Settled Life by the Punans
of the Belaga Subdistrict.
3) Although the Kapit District Officer issued instructions in 1938 to the Upriver Agent at Belaga to "[t]wice per annum visit the Punans
[Penans] of Long Kajang .
Publications include "Nomadic Punans
and Pennans," in T.
Many of these Punans
bought (for about $6) parangs which the trader had bought from the Silat Punans
who made them for $5 only a few days before.
1951 Some Notes on Jungle Punans
in Kapit District.
7) The races to be treated for the purposes of the definition of "native" in Clause (6) as indigenous to Sarawak are the Bukitans, Bisayahs, Dusuns, Sea Dayaks, Land Dayaks, Kadayans, Kalabits, Kayans, Kenyahs (including Sabups and Sipengs), Kajangs (including Sekapans, Kejamans, Lahanans, Punans
, Tanjongs and Kanowits), Lugats, Lisums, Malays, Melanos, Muruts, Penans, Sians, Tagais, Tabuns and Ukits.
Kenyahs (including Sekapans, Kejamans, Lahanans, Punans
, Tanjongs and Kanowits