Punan

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Punan

 

a group of Dayak tribes, including the Punan, Ukit, Beketan, and Basap tribes. The Punan live predominantly in Indonesia. They number approximately 60,000 (1972, estimate). Their languages belong to the Indonesian group of the Malayan-Polynesian language family. The Punan retain ancient and traditional religious beliefs. They are one of the oldest groups of nomadic gatherers and hunters, roaming the depths of the tropical forest near the headstreams of the rivers of Central Kalimantan. Their chief occupations are gathering wild fruits and resins and hunting.

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A decade of trade under Brooke rule and the transformation of the Baram district meant that "dollars and cents have found their way far into the interior, so that even the Punans know the purchasing power of dollars" (Hose 1894:168).
They encountered members of various ethnic groups, including the nomadic Punans and the Kayans of Umu Belabu.
There are smaller groups like the Kayans, Kenyahs, Lun Bawangs, Kelabits, Penans and Punans (collectively known as the Orang Ulu) and the Melanaus.
The photographs and descriptions of little-known regions and peoples of the Pacific, especially Borneo and the Punans, add much to the book.
He described the Punans as "a strong, healthy, well-knit looking lot, light in color in comparison with other native tribes, probably from living in the dark recesses of the jungle.
The nomadic Punans also extended a helping hand to Sochon and his comrades.
Adaptation to a Settled Life by the Punans of the Belaga Subdistrict.
3) Although the Kapit District Officer issued instructions in 1938 to the Upriver Agent at Belaga to "[t]wice per annum visit the Punans [Penans] of Long Kajang .
Publications include "Nomadic Punans and Pennans," in T.
Many of these Punans bought (for about $6) parangs which the trader had bought from the Silat Punans who made them for $5 only a few days before.
7) The races to be treated for the purposes of the definition of "native" in Clause (6) as indigenous to Sarawak are the Bukitans, Bisayahs, Dusuns, Sea Dayaks, Land Dayaks, Kadayans, Kalabits, Kayans, Kenyahs (including Sabups and Sipengs), Kajangs (including Sekapans, Kejamans, Lahanans, Punans, Tanjongs and Kanowits), Lugats, Lisums, Malays, Melanos, Muruts, Penans, Sians, Tagais, Tabuns and Ukits.