(redirected from Punjabi people)
Also found in: Wikipedia.



(Panjabis), the main population of the geographical and historical region of Punjab, now occupied by the states of Punjab and Haryana in India and the province of Punjab in Pakistan. They number more than 58 million (1972, estimate). The majority speak Punjabi, and the rest speak Hindi in India or dialects of Lahnda and Urdu in Pakistan. In India most Punjabis are Sikhs or Hindus, and in Pakistan nearly all are Muslims.

The Punjabis evolved through the amalgamation of various indigenous ethnic groups, which from earliest times intermingled with other peoples who settled in the area as a result of the Aryan, Saka, Arab, and other invasions. The largest ethnic groups are the Jats, Rajputs, and Gujars.

From the third millennium B.C. the Punjabis have been famous as the creators of an advanced culture, known as the Harappa civilization, and the founders of several powerful states, such as Taxila. The chief occupation of the Punjabis is agriculture, and wheat, grown on irrigated land, is the main crop. Weaving, pottery, rug-making, and artistic wood carving are also highly developed. Many Punjabis, particularly those in India, are skilled workers and technicians. Both in India and Pakistan the literacy rate among Punjabis is significantly higher than among neighboring peoples.


Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
How well do ordinary Punjabi people actually understand the content of the Psalms?
He said there was a dire need of promoting people-to-people contacts between Baloch and Punjabi people.
00 Kempton The Punjabi people are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia.
Today in Punjab, I am seeing Punjabi people working very hard and they should go to Tajikistan for tourism because 93 percent territory of Tajikistan has mountains.
We Punjabi people (Sikhs) belong to Amritsar, in the northern Indian state of Punjab.
A further three unions cover the West Midlands for Punjabi people and employees of the region's fire brigade and police service.
He said the government should arrest the killers of Hazara and Punjabi people whose carnage made Balochi people as sad as the other people of Pakistan can be.
As most of the Punjabi people, they want to go abroad.
According to details, two Punjabi people were targeted near Maulana Petrol Pump while a Zehri and a Punjabi were killed in Turbat.
He said that the government of Punjab and the people of Punjab are providing most of the relief goods to the IDPs, which shows that Punjabi people understand the problems being faced by the Pakhtun.