Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.



(Panjabis), the main population of the geographical and historical region of Punjab, now occupied by the states of Punjab and Haryana in India and the province of Punjab in Pakistan. They number more than 58 million (1972, estimate). The majority speak Punjabi, and the rest speak Hindi in India or dialects of Lahnda and Urdu in Pakistan. In India most Punjabis are Sikhs or Hindus, and in Pakistan nearly all are Muslims.

The Punjabis evolved through the amalgamation of various indigenous ethnic groups, which from earliest times intermingled with other peoples who settled in the area as a result of the Aryan, Saka, Arab, and other invasions. The largest ethnic groups are the Jats, Rajputs, and Gujars.

From the third millennium B.C. the Punjabis have been famous as the creators of an advanced culture, known as the Harappa civilization, and the founders of several powerful states, such as Taxila. The chief occupation of the Punjabis is agriculture, and wheat, grown on irrigated land, is the main crop. Weaving, pottery, rug-making, and artistic wood carving are also highly developed. Many Punjabis, particularly those in India, are skilled workers and technicians. Both in India and Pakistan the literacy rate among Punjabis is significantly higher than among neighboring peoples.


Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
A young Mukti says, "Last week we operated on (killed) 36 Punjabis.
It's been a longtime goal to bring a quality Punjabi network to America, which is capable of reaching out to the large and vibrant Indo-Punjabi and Sikh communities living across the U.
Devraj Sanyal, managing director of Universal Music/ Music, South Asia, says: Our objective with this release is to take these vibrant sounds of Punjabi folk Malwa, Doaba, Manjha) and curate them in a way that appeal to a much wider audience, beyond those who
The chief minister agreed to the proposal put forth by the majority of delegates in attendance regarding the setting up of an International Punjabi Chamber of Commerce and Trade in their respective countries for promoting bilateral trade ties with the state.
Bindu, another food aficionado, said: "Dhaba food is the first choice of the Punjabis.
Film critics say the movie has become a hit since it does not follow the conventional formula and instead addresses the issues of the young Punjabi generation both in India and abroad, which audiences have identified with.
The non- resident Punjabis would hire SUVs to visit their relatives and splurge money on hosting get- together parties.
Many Kashmiris are settled in the UK and the US and whatsoever influence they have there is utilised by the Punjabis to muster public opinion in their favour.
This means there is one migrant for every five Punjabis," the PAU report says.
the 2nd and 3rd generation Punjabis are no longer connected with Punjab.
KARANJEET KAUR gives a good hearing to a seven- CD collection titled The Great Big Punjabi Wedding and finds the music as sexy as the Swarovski crystals on its cover
The Punjabi film 'Mini Punjab' spreads the message of universal brotherhood and educates about being positive, lively and compassionate in today's life.