Punjabis


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Punjabis

 

(Panjabis), the main population of the geographical and historical region of Punjab, now occupied by the states of Punjab and Haryana in India and the province of Punjab in Pakistan. They number more than 58 million (1972, estimate). The majority speak Punjabi, and the rest speak Hindi in India or dialects of Lahnda and Urdu in Pakistan. In India most Punjabis are Sikhs or Hindus, and in Pakistan nearly all are Muslims.

The Punjabis evolved through the amalgamation of various indigenous ethnic groups, which from earliest times intermingled with other peoples who settled in the area as a result of the Aryan, Saka, Arab, and other invasions. The largest ethnic groups are the Jats, Rajputs, and Gujars.

From the third millennium B.C. the Punjabis have been famous as the creators of an advanced culture, known as the Harappa civilization, and the founders of several powerful states, such as Taxila. The chief occupation of the Punjabis is agriculture, and wheat, grown on irrigated land, is the main crop. Weaving, pottery, rug-making, and artistic wood carving are also highly developed. Many Punjabis, particularly those in India, are skilled workers and technicians. Both in India and Pakistan the literacy rate among Punjabis is significantly higher than among neighboring peoples.

REFERENCE

Narody Iuzhnoi Azii. Moscow, 1963.

M. K. KUDRIAVTSEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Accepting the right of education in one's own language worthy minister categorically denied the existence of Punjabi language in Punjab and very clearly mentioned Urdu as the language of Punjab.
ISLAMABAD -- Federal Minister for Science and Technology Fawad Chaudhry taking to social media sent out a tweet in Punjabi urging the Sikhs in Indian Army to give up arms and deny duty in the illegally occupied land of Kashmir.
For Punjabis living outside Punjab, the top 5 cities with the highest number of registrations are Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune, Kolkata, and Lucknow.
Punjabi, the native language,was rejected due to political concern, administrative convenience and Hindustani biases.
Madhok one of the earliest Punjabis to write film songs
LAHORE -- A delegation of World Punjabi Conference (WPC) Canada, led by its Chairman Ajiab Singh Chatta Thursday visited the Government College University (GCU) Lahore and met with Vice Chancellor Prof Dr Hassan Amir Shah.
There are an estimated 100,000 Punjabis in the UAE.
The three main political parties in Canada-- the Liberal Party of Canada, the Conservative Party and the New Democratic Party-- have formulated a clear strategy of wooing the Punjabi community.
At the beginning of the war, strength of the Punjabis in the British army was around 100,000 and then it rose exponentially.
Not only in politics, Punjabis have excelled in many other areas as well.
"Muslim League-N has emerged victorious in elections 2013 and Nawaz Sharif as a representative of leader of the Punjabis," Altaf Hussain said in his derogatory statement following PML-N's winning big in the Punjab general elections.
This article suggests that Punjabis in Canada dance giddha and bhangra because they understand such performances as means of constructing and expressing some essential and authentic qualities of being Punjabi which may be of heightened importance in diasporic contexts.