Pupin, Michael Idvorsky

Pupin, Michael Idvorsky

(pyo͞opēn`), 1858–1935, American physicist and inventor, b. Idvor, Hungary (now in Serbia), grad. Columbia (B.A., 1883). He came to the United States in 1874 and from 1889 was associated with Columbia (as professor of electromechanics, 1901–31). He is known for his researches in X rays and for his invention of numerous electrical devices used in telegraphy and telephony. Pupin wrote the Pulitzer Prize–winning autobiography, From Immigrant to Inventor (1923).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pupin, Michael Idvorsky

 

Born Oct. 4, 1858, in Idvor, Serbia; died Mar. 13, 1935, in New York City. American physicist and electrical engineer.

Pupin was of Serbian descent. In 1874 he emigrated to the USA, where he graduated from Columbia University in 1883. From 1885 to 1889 he continued his education at Cambridge University and the University of Berlin. In 1889 he became a professor of theoretical physics in the electrical engineering department of Columbia University; he was the head of the department from 1908 to 1910.

Pupin calculated and verified experimentally the feasibility of extending the range of telephone communication over cables. He also studied the physics of X rays and methods of using them.

WORKS

From Immigrant to Inventor. New York, 1960.

REFERENCE

Bokš an, S. M. Pupin i njegovo delo. Novi Sad, 1951.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.