(redirected from Puranam)


(po͝orä`nə): see Sanskrit literatureSanskrit literature,
literary works written in Sanskrit constituting the main body of the classical literature of India. Introduction

The literature is divided into two main periods—the Vedic (c.1500–c.200 B.C.
..... Click the link for more information.



canonical texts of Hinduism.

The oldest puranas date from the middle of the first millennium B.C., but the basic texts that have come down to us appeared chiefly in the second half of the first millennium. The most valuable, by literary and historical considerations, are the Markandeya Purana, Vayu Purana, Vishnu Purana, Bhagavata Purana, and Matsya Purana. Depending on which god the purana is dedicated to, there are Vishnuite, Saiva, and Brahmanic puranas, but, as a whole, they express the basic religious, social, and ethical principles of Hinduism.

In content and form, the puranas resemble ancient Indian epic poetry. They present cosmogonic legends, myths about the origins of all creatures, and the genealogy of the gods, divine sages, and legendary dynasties. The ethical and metaphysical ideas of the puranas influenced most of the philosophers of medieval India. Poets and dramatists also used the myths of the puranas in their works. The Bhagavata Purana, in which the cult of ecstatic love for god (bhakti) is preached and legends about the life of Krishna are retold, has especially influenced religious and literary traditions in the modern Indian languages.


Bhagavata Purana, vols. 1–5. Translated and published by E. Burnouf et al. Paris, 1840–98.
Vayu Purana, vols. 1–2. Calcutta, 1880–88.
Matsya Purana. Poona, 1907.
Markandeya Purana. Bombay, 1924.
Vishnu-Purana, vols. 1–5, 3rd ed. Translated by H. H. Wilson. Calcutta, 1972.
In Russian translation:
Lallu Ji Lal. Prem Sagar. Translated from Hindi with introduction and notes by A. P. Barannikov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.


Wilson, H. H. Puranas or an Account of Their Contents and Nature. Calcutta, 1911.
Pusalker, A. D. Studies in the Epics and Puranas. Bombay, 1955.
An Anthology of the Epics and Puranas. Edited by S. K. De and R. C. Hazra. New Delhi, 1959.


References in periodicals archive ?
A emergencia dos relacionamentos interorganizacionais tambem e justificada pelo aumento da complexidade informacional e pela crescente adocao das Tecnologias da Informacao (TI) pelas organizacoes (Gulati, Puranam & Tushman, 2012) e entre elas (Kumar & Van Dissel, 1996).
Thompson's interdependence theory has been cited by many researchers over the years Lin, Ho, and Lin, (2015), in their study of acquisitions in the Taiwanese electronics and information sector; Puranam, Raveendran, and Knudsen (2012), as they attempted to distinguish interdependence between tasks and between agents.
This relational capital arises because repeated exchanges between a buyer and a supplier form embedded social relationships (Granovetter, 1985) from individual-level attachments that facilitate friendship and respect (Kale, Singh & Perlmutter, 2000) or from the promotion of trustworthiness between partners (Vanneste, Puranam & Kretschmer, 2014).
As noted by Puranam, Singh and Zollo (2006), separation tactics rely on spatial (i.
In the current work arrangements the talent pool is constantly engaged with the customer and any increment in the abilities of the human capital pool results in enhancement of the client-vendor relationship (Srikanth& Puranam, 2011).
Elizabeth Puranam, a current student of Arabic, commented: "I've really enjoyed learning a new language, in my case Arabic, at TII.
Kaisika Puranam, Bhattar Vyakhyanathudan, Nanguneri: published by
This is especially obvious from the poems of the Tiruvilaiyatar puranam, one of the Saivite works, where the god promises the devotees of getting rid of their sins when touching the divine water.
As a result, university TTOs often focus on legal mechanisms to protect IP and enable licensing; patents are the most common such mechanism (Reitzig and Puranam 2009).
Kantha Puranam is the Tamil version of the sanskrit epic, Skanda Puranam.
The prisoner's dilemma is a classic example of how actors behave in order to protect their self-interest (Gulati, Lawrence, and Puranam 1995).
Puranam e Vanneste (2009) buscam reconciliar a aparente dicotomia entre estes dois conceitos atraves de um modelo que formaliza tres tipos diferentes de relacionamentos entre confianca e governanca: (i) a relacao entre niveis ex ante de confianca e a escolha de mecanismos de governanca; (ii) a complementariedade, o efeito de alavancagem que determinado nivel de confianca na relacao entre a governanca e o desempenho de troca (POPPO; ZENGER, 2002); e (iii) crowding out, a influencia dos mecanismos de governanca na supressao da confianca.