Purism


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purism

insistence on traditional canons of correctness of form or purity of style or content, esp in language, art, or music
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Purism

 

a movement in French painting in the second and third decades of the 20th century. The founders and chief proponents of purism were A. Ozenfant and C. E. Jeanneret (Le Corbusier). The purists protested against what they considered to be the merely decorative tendencies of cubism, which was marked by deliberate distortion. They sought to clearly render “stable” objective forms and to represent “primary” elements, which could be apprehended with minimum effort. Purist works were marked by emphatic two-dimensionality and the flowing rhythm of semitransparent silhouettes and outlines of objects (intentionally of one type—carafes, tumblers, and similar items). Purism failed to develop in painting, but, after undergoing a substantial number of theoretical revisions, found application in modern architecture, particularly in the designs of Le Corbusier.

REFERENCES

Modernizm (collection of articles). Moscow, 1973.
Jeanneret, C. E., and A. Ozenfant. Après le cubisme. Paris, 1918.

Purism

 

efforts to purify a literary language of foreign borrowings and neologisms and to prevent its penetration by non-normative lexical and grammatical elements, including colloquialisms, popular speech, and dialectisms.

Purism is characteristic of a period in which the norms of a national literary language are becoming established and its stylistic system is changing. Such periods, marked by an influx of new lexical elements and their stylistic redistribution, are generally associated with political and cultural movements; this has been the case in Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Turkey, India, and elsewhere. Purists have sometimes insisted that if a national language is to be distinctive, it must be completely purged of even essential borrowings: that is, words of foreign origin already part of the language must be replaced by native words or by neologisms composed from native morphemes.

In Russian democratic literary criticism of the 19th century, represented by such writers as V. G. Belinskii, the term “purism” denoted a formal, conservative attitude toward language; the chief proponents of this view were A. S. Shishkov, F. V. Bul-garin, N. I. Grech, and M. P. Pogodin.

REFERENCES

Vinokur, G. O. “O purizme.” In his book O kul’ture iazyka, 2nd ed.
Moscow, 1929. Vinokur, G. O. Russkii iazyk. Moscow, 1945.

T. V. VENTTSEL

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nakon uvoda, u kojem iznosi nacrtak svojega istrazivanja, u drugom poglavlju (Linguistic purism: An overview) autorica najprije prikazuje Thomasov teorijski okvir, a zatim i povijest purizma u Francuskoj i Quebecu.
Justice Scalia's conservatism encompassed his methodological purism, traditionalism, and preference for order.
What he advocates, in his book at least, is not "purism" or "separatism" but a more imaginative pragmatic resistance, one that rightly marks recent changes and looks ahead to future challenges.
But for purism, we recommend serving on the side, as dips.
Instead, the pair ended up bonding over a love of hip-hop and a mutual disrespect for genre purism. Starting the following year, Lidehall and Sey set to work teasing out this sonic restlessness, the results of which can be heard on her organ-drenched, club-inflected 2013 debut single, "Younger." Their collaboration extended to her recent six-track For Madeline EP, which flits between the dustbowl blues of "Pistols at Dawn" and the double-clap gospel of "River," as well as her soon-to-be-completed debut album, due out this year on Universal.
(55) The catalogue, published in the second issue of the journal, reveals a broad artistic field ranging from abstraction to figuration, from purism to what can be called the neoplastic/constructivist tendency.
(1) On one side of the barricades we find the "defenders of our language," (2) adherents to linguistic purism and prescriptivism who tend to label linguistic changes as corruption or bastardization.
The theme was what one might be tempted to call Purism in Florentine art from the late 15th century until well on into the 17th--were it not for the fact that the term Purism was commandeered in the early 20th century for a very different art movement whose leading light was Le Corbusier.
And Dutch football can often take footballing purism to the point of dogma but not this one - Van Gaal's men ended up pumping long balls to Klaas-Jan Huntelaar and Dirk Kuyt against Mexico.
If zoom lenses aren't your thing and purism runs in your veins, then there are the Carl Zeiss Sonnar T* 35mm F2.8 and the Carl Zeiss Sonnar T* 55mm F1.8 Lens Since the Zeiss lenses tend to carry a hefty price tag, Sony's also introduced a kit lens, the Sony 28-70mm F3.5 - 5.6 OSS which would ship with the Sony A7 as an optional kit.
With Kraus, she ignores his famous linguistic purism which has often been recognized as an aspect of his Jewish identity.