Matthew and Brian Harrison (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004), 40:287-289; and, Okie, "Daniel Neal and the 'Puritan Revolution
The 'Puritan Revolution
' thesis tends to regard Milton as a product of the revolutionary period of the 1640s and 1650s.
(John Coffey does not think this exchange worth mentioning in his magisterial John Goodwin and the Puritan Revolution
John Goodwin and the Puritan Revolution
: Religion and Intellectual Change in Seventeenth-Century England.
Since our puritan revolution
did its best to erase all traces of a native religious art, its golden age here coincided, curiously enough, with the railway age.
While Calvinism was clearly the most significant theological force behind the Puritan revolution
in England, it was a Calvinism confronted by a variety of other religious forces: Roman Catholic and Anglican, Arminian and Antinomian, and Anabaptist and Quaker.
In this book as in his others, what had once been inadequately summarized as "the Puritan Revolution
" was Hill's central preoccupation, and the complex climate of ideas which it both generated and put to the test.
The remaining five chapters treat, respectively, the reign of Elizabeth I (beginning with a survey of religious persecution in England from the burning of Albigensians in 1210 onward through the Lollards and the treatment of religious dissidents in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, and Queen Mary), the Early Stuarts, the "Puritan Revolution
," the Restoration (including the reign of James II) and, finally, "1689 and the Rise of Toleration," which discusses the 1689 Act and what followed from it and ends with a wide-ranging summary discussion on how to explain the rise of toleration.
(20) London and the Outbreak of the Puritan Revolution
: City Government and National Politics, 1625-43 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1961), p.
The Civil War of the 1640s was not a Puritan revolution
, nor did the Puritans have the kind of dominance that Phillips attributes to them.
Jonathan Dollimore, for example, speaks of a "demystification of political and power relations" in Renaissance tragedy which fostered "a radical social and political realism.(86) The "rude handling of sacred totems" like the crown "is what [Renaissance] drama is all about" notes Russell Fraser.(87) Stephen Greenblatt Leonard Tennenhouse, and David Scott Kastan have all written extensively of the way the staged presentation of royalty affected audiences' reverence toward the monarchy (though their conclusions differ).(88) And Franco Moretti boldly links Shakespeare's role-playing kings to the mid-seventeenth-century Puritan revolution
, saying that tragedies and history plays "[h]aving deconsecrated the king," it became "possible to decapitate him.(89)
Challenging Christopher Hill's detection of atheism in the Puritan revolution
, he suggests that what is really taking place in its more radical elements is the substitution of an alternative conception of the divine; for instance, in Clarkson monism as a means of dealing with his guilt about sexual sin, in Walwyn inner experience as an egalitarian challenge to the authoritarianism of Scripture.