Purple Heron


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Purple Heron

 

(Ardeapurpurea), a bird of the family Ardeidae of the order Ciconiiformes. The body length is approximately 90 cm. Reddish brown tones predominate in the plumage. The purple heron is distributed in Southern Europe, Asia, and Africa; in the USSR it ranges from the Danube to Balkhash and in the Primor’e. The bird winters in Africa and Southern Asia. The purple heron lives along shores with thickets and usually nests in small colonies, sometimes with other bird species. The nests are constructed on shrubs or broken reeds. A clutch contains three to five bluish eggs, which are incubated for about four weeks. The young leave the nest after 40 to 45 days. The birds feed principally on small fishes; less commonly, they eat insects, frogs, and rodents.

References in periodicals archive ?
Little Egrets, Cattle Egrets, Blackcrowned Night Herons, Squacco Herons, a Purple Heron and even a Little Green Heron flaunted themselves.
The Breeding Biology of the Cattle Egret Ardea ibis, the Little Egret Egretta garzette, the Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides, the Black-Crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax, the Purple Heron Ardea purpurea and the Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus, at the Lake Tonga, Algeria.
Resident birds which come to breed here in March include spot- billed duck, Indian moorhen, black- winged stilt, purple heron, egrets, white- breasted waterhen, Oriental darter and blackcrowned night heron among others.
Bird of the week in North Wales is a Purple Heron, a Mediterranean species found here occasionally in the spring.
In addition to these two main target species, project actions will also focus on another four species listed in the Birds Directive: purple heron (Ardea purpurea), spotted crake (Porzana porzana), Savi%s warbler (Locustella luscinoides) and sedge warbler (Acrocephalus schoenobaenus), along with several other bird species associated with reed beds.
The bird species found here include the small minivet, black-hooded oriole, mangrove whistler, cinnamon bittern, swamp francolin, grey-headed fishing eagle, brown fish owl, osprey, purple sunbird, pale-billed flowerpecker, loten's sunbird, striated babbler, striped tit-babbler, brown-cheeked fulvetta, lemon-rumped warbler, brown-winged kingfisher, purple heron, fulvous-breasted woodpecker, northern eagle owl.
Other species such Spoonbill, Purple Heron and Cattle Egret are all showing the same trend.
Birds like Northern Shoveler, Northern Pintail, Ruddy Shelduck, Red-Crested Pochard, Common Mergansar, Black Stork, Purple Heron and Indian Cormorant are some of the migratory birds that flock to the lake.
On the contrary, few other species such as black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax), purple heron (Ardea purpurea), kentish plover (Charadrius alexandrinus), common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) and gull-billed tern (Sterna nilotica) recorded during present study were not reported previously by Ali (2007).
Numbers of lapwings, redshanks, pochards, yellow wagtails and great crested grebe have all increased and rare birds such as a purple heron, citrine wagtail, blue-winged teal, and a pair of bitterns have all been spotted.
The purple heron was believed to be making a first attempt to nest in Britain, but a flash flood swept away its nest.