cauliflower

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cauliflower

(kô`lĭflou'ər, käl`ĭ–), variety of cabbagecabbage,
leafy garden vegetable of many widely dissimilar varieties, all probably descended from the wild, or sea, cabbage (Brassica oleracea) of the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae; mustard family), found on the coasts of Europe.
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, with an edible head of condensed flowers and flower stems. Broccoli is the horticultural variety (botrytis); both were cultivated in Roman times. Cauliflower is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales (or Brassicales), family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae).

cauliflower

[′kȯl·ə‚flau̇·ər]
(botany)
Brassica oleracea var. botrytis. A biennial crucifer of the order Capparales grown for its edible white head or curd, which is a tight mass of flower stalks.

cauliflower

1. a variety of cabbage, Brassica oleracea botrytis, having a large edible head of crowded white flowers on a very short thick stem
2. the flower head of this plant, used as a vegetable
References in periodicals archive ?
Along with the white types, we grew purple cauliflower which looks like a cross between cauliflower and broccoli.
Flavour is the first thing to consider, and with the current trend for richly coloured purple foods (think purple cauliflower, asparagus, elderberries and sweet potatoes), it's not surprising maverick mixologists are matching flavours with colour to create vibrant, purple-infused cocktails.
So-called "novelty" vegetables, such as blue potatoes, purple cauliflower and red carrots, are beginning to show up more often in supermarkets, farmers markets and seed catalogs.
Purple cauliflower contains antioxidants called anthocyanins.
Allesley Park Walled Garden Group is harvesting some of the new season's vegetables - including 150-year-old varieties of lettuce, purple cauliflower, black radish and white carrots.
Other vegetables in the basket are white bulbing onions that were pulled from the ground early, and purple cauliflower. The cauliflower turns a bright green when cooked and adds a novel purple color when served raw.
"But also look out for some of our more unusual veg such as heritage varieties of carrots and purple cauliflowers."