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South Korea: see BusanBusan
or Pusan
, Jap. Fusan, city (1995 pop. 3,813,814), extreme SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait. It is the nation's second largest city and largest port, handling most of South Korea's foreign trade.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Fusan), a city and port in South Korea, on the Korea Strait; administratively equivalent to a province. Population, 1.9 million (1971). Important transportation junction. Pusan’s port, which has a convenient harbor, has the country’s largest freight turnover. The city is a major industrial center. There are textile, food, metallurgical, electrical-engineering, chemical, rubber, and machine-building (including shipbuilding) industries. The city also has fishing and salt-refining industries. A large steam power plant (more than 300 megawatts) is located in Pusan.

Pusan apparently arose in the first centuries of the Common Era as the settlement of Kaya (Karak). In the 15th century the city became an important fortress and was the center for trade between Japan and Korea. (Trade between the two countries was limited and sporadic in nature.) After Japan imposed the unjust Kanghwa Treaty on Korea in 1876, Pusan became the first open port, and Japanese merchants and private entrepreneurs settled there. Since 1925, Pusan has been the administrative center of Kyongsang-namdo Province. In the 1920’s and 1930’s the city developed into a major industrial center. It has played a prominent role in the workers’ and national liberation movements of the Korean people.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in SE South Korea, on the Korea Strait: the second largest city and chief port of the country; industrial centre; two universities. Pop.: 3 527 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
PNC is the largest terminal in the port of Pusan with 5.25m TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units) capacity, handling 34 per cent of the new port volumes.
There will be no Dunkirk, there will be no Bataan, a retreat to Pusan would be one of the greatest butcheries in history.
Chapter 2 focuses on the brigade's first major combat action in Korea, which occurred from August 7 to August 12 along the southwestern edge of the Pusan Perimeter not far from the city of Masan.
The event is set to give viewers a greater understanding of Korean cinema and also of the country's culture and is expected to increase travel to the city of Busan (Pusan) where people can experience the country from hotels in Busan.
The movie will be showcased in A Window On Asian Cinema Section of 14th Pusan Film Festival which runs October 8-16 in South Korea.Also "Karat 14" by Parviz Shahbazi will be screened in International Pusan Film Festival on October 11.Mokri's project then travels to the competition section of the 33rd Sao Paulo Film Festival in Brazil which runs October 23 to November 5, the Iranian students news agency reported."Ashkan, Sacred Circlet and Some Other Stories" will be then screened in the 11th Mumbai Film Festival running October 29 to November 5.The film narrates the story of robbery of a jewelry store and those became involved in the issue.
The festival will be held from October 8-16 in the southern port city of Busan, formerly known as Pusan.
But, I knew plans often change, and I still had a sliver of hope of getting the call to take the general into Pusan.
We hope the six countries attain substantive progress in the nuclear talks to make the Pusan (or Busan) APEC summit an Asian version of the ''Malta conference'' in 1989, at which the United States and Soviet Union declared an end to the Cold War.
The Norwegian shipping company Green Reefers ASA said on Monday (9 May) that it had agreed to acquire the 194,000-cubic-foot cargo reefer Frio Pusan in a USD10.4m deal.
En route, we received yet another FEAF message, directing us to land at an airstrip near Pusan on the southeastern tip of the Korean peninsula.
Seeking any survivors of the 24th Division, 21st Infantry, who were at and in the area of Pusan, Korea on July 3-5, 1950 with the 52nd Field Artillery in a delaying action against invading North Korean troops.