Pushchino

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Pushchino

 

a city (since 1966) in Serpukhov Raion, Moscow Oblast, RSFSR; standing on the right bank of the Oka River. Pushchino is located 13 km below Serpukhov, with which it is connected by a highway.

The Radio Astronomical Observatory of the Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was built in the city in 1957. The Scientific Center for Biological Research of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was organized in Pushchino in 1963. The center makes extensive use of the latest methods of chemistry, physics, mathematics, and computer technology. It has institutes for the study of agricultural chemistry and soil science, proteins, biophysics, the biochemistry and physiology of microorganisms, and photosynthesis. The center also includes the research computer center of the special design office for biological instruments and a branch of the biology department of Moscow State University. It has a scientific and technical information section and a central library.

Research at the center is focused mainly on the structure of biopolymers (proteins and nucleic acids), the role of biopoly-mers in living systems, the structure and functions of supra-molecular complexes and subcellular structures (biological membranes in particular), the mechanisms of protein biosynthesis, and the molecular basis of the mobility and irritability of biological structures. Also studied are the primary effects of ionizing radiation on living systems, molecular genetics, and the metabolism of microorganisms in relation to their synthesis of biologically active compounds and transformation of organic compounds. In addition, the center is engaged in a mul-tidisciplinary study of photosynthesis. Research is being conducted in experimental soil science, agricultural chemistry, modeling of soil processes, and biosphere problems.

The purpose of the research is not only to solve theoretical problems of modern biology but also to benefit the microbiological industry, agriculture, and clinical medicine. The Division of the Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Chemistry of Physiologically Active Compounds of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR directs the scientific activities of the center.

A. N. CHERKASHIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Female 6-8-week-old BALB/c mice obtained from the Animal Resource Center (Puschino breeding facility, Puschino, Moscow, Russia), accredited by the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC International), were maintained at the central animal facility of the Gamaleya Research Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology.
Synchronous measurements of alpha-decay of 239 Pu carried out at north pole, antarctic, and in Puschino confirm that the shapes of the respective histograms depend on the diurnal rotation of the earth and on the direction of the alpha-particle beam.
The near-day periods of similar histograms were not registered when the light beam coming from a LED, or the alpha-particle beam coming through a collimator are directed to Polaris (this effect was registered in Puschino, Russia).
during measurements in Antarctic and in Puschino, Moscow Region) observed during measurements of alpha-decay of [sup.239]Pu, depends on the spatial orientation of the collimators [1, 3, 5].
But even this incomplete approaching to the North pole has shown almost complete disappearance of diurnal changes in the histogram shapes that were observed during the same period of time in Puschino (latitude 54[degrees] North) [2].
The measurement results obtained at the North Pole since April 5, 11 till April 12, 11 were analyzed in the ITEB RAS in Puschino. The analysis was, as usual, comparison of histogram shapes for measurements made with different devices.
Most of measurements were made at the Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics of Russian Academy of Sciences (ITEB RAS) in Puschino and in AARI Novolazarevskaya station in Antarctic.
3.5 Histograms obtained when a light beam is directed towards the Polar Star in Puschino are high probably similar by absolute time with those obtained at measurements of alpha-activity in Antarctic
We observed the same phenomenon earlier at synchronous measurements of alpha-activity in Puschino and in Novolazarevskaya (Antarctic).
Synchronous measurements of alpha-decay of [sup.239]Pu carried out at North Pole, Antarctic, and in Puschino confirm that the shapes of the respective histograms depend on the diurnal rotation of the Earth and on the direction of the alpha-particle beam.
([dagger]) Puschino State University, Prospect Nauki 3, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russia