Pushchino


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Pushchino

 

a city (since 1966) in Serpukhov Raion, Moscow Oblast, RSFSR; standing on the right bank of the Oka River. Pushchino is located 13 km below Serpukhov, with which it is connected by a highway.

The Radio Astronomical Observatory of the Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was built in the city in 1957. The Scientific Center for Biological Research of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR was organized in Pushchino in 1963. The center makes extensive use of the latest methods of chemistry, physics, mathematics, and computer technology. It has institutes for the study of agricultural chemistry and soil science, proteins, biophysics, the biochemistry and physiology of microorganisms, and photosynthesis. The center also includes the research computer center of the special design office for biological instruments and a branch of the biology department of Moscow State University. It has a scientific and technical information section and a central library.

Research at the center is focused mainly on the structure of biopolymers (proteins and nucleic acids), the role of biopoly-mers in living systems, the structure and functions of supra-molecular complexes and subcellular structures (biological membranes in particular), the mechanisms of protein biosynthesis, and the molecular basis of the mobility and irritability of biological structures. Also studied are the primary effects of ionizing radiation on living systems, molecular genetics, and the metabolism of microorganisms in relation to their synthesis of biologically active compounds and transformation of organic compounds. In addition, the center is engaged in a mul-tidisciplinary study of photosynthesis. Research is being conducted in experimental soil science, agricultural chemistry, modeling of soil processes, and biosphere problems.

The purpose of the research is not only to solve theoretical problems of modern biology but also to benefit the microbiological industry, agriculture, and clinical medicine. The Division of the Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Chemistry of Physiologically Active Compounds of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR directs the scientific activities of the center.

A. N. CHERKASHIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Computer processing of geobotanical descriptions according to the ecological scales with the aid of the EcoScaleWin program (2008) Yoshkar-Ola, Mari State University, Pushchino State University, 96 p.
35] Introduction to Neutrosophics and their Applications, Invited speaker at Pushchino Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Pushchino (Moscow region), Russia, August 9, 2005.
SPF Wistar rats aged 5-6 weeks were obtained from the Pushchino Breeding Facility (Moscow region, Russia).
This special issue of Astronomical and Astrophysical Transactions: Journal of the Eurasian Astronomical Society presents selected contributions (some updated) from the Annual Pushchino Conference on "Modern Problems for Extragalatic Astronomy" held in 2010 at the Sternberg Astronomical Institute at Moscow State U.
David Gilichinsky, who led the team at the Russian Academy of Sciences' research institute in Pushchino, died just before the paper was released.
Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics RAS, Pushchino, Russia,
Kuznetsov, Centrum voor Wiskunde en Informatica, Kruislaan 413, 1098 SJ Amsterdam, The Netherlands, and Institute of Mathematical Problems of Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142292 Russia.
Last summer, senior Kevin Shapiro conducted research at the Russian Academy of Science at the Moscow State University Institute at Pushchino and submitted a paper on his findings in the 55th annual Westinghouse Science Talent Search.
Propagation of autowaves in excitable media, preprint, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino (in Russian).
Most recently a contract valued at $2 million was signed in connection with a joint venture between CTC Foods and Pushchino University of Science Technology of Russia.