Inayatullah Baloch believes that Kabul denied support to the Prince since it was in favor of inclusion of Balochistan to an Afghan-controlled "Pushtunistan
Daud had adopted an aggressive posture towards Pakistan and resurrected the Pushtunistan
Pakistan has a history of troubled relations with the Pushtun nationalists because of their support for Pushtunistan
as well as with northern alliance because of their anti-Taliban stance which highlights how the statecraft or the government in place affects the relations.
Secondly, the Afghan government argues that the inhabitants of Pushtunistan
are one nation and that the Durand Line arbitrarily splits the nation into two.
It continued to harbor Pushtun dissidents and support Pushtunistan
Pakistani establishment is also worried that all Taliban being Pushtuns and their coming together on both sides of the Durand Line may revive the demand of Pushtuns for the creation of Pushtunistan
In addition, to support legitimacy to his program, he highlighted issue of Pushtunistan
for achieving emotional attachment with East Pushtuns whose intention was to sabotage Durand Line, divided the Pushtuns by the British government.
The seed that was sown in sixties is yielding fruits now as other groups are demanding 'Independent Balochistan' and 'Greater Pushtunistan
The first was the dogged pursuit of the cause of "Pushtunistan
" (or "Paktunistan" in the dialect of Southeast Afghanistan and among Pakistani Pushtuns), a popular campaign for the return of ethnic Pushtun territories previously ceded to British India.
Yet one of the nightmares of Pakistan has always been the danger of ethnic division and disintegration, and one of the most potent movements challenging the unity of the state has been the old Pushtun dream of a "Pushtunistan
" uniting the Pushtun regions of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
This clear and present danger for Pakistan, which has existed in various manifestations such as the Pushtunistan
bogey and Baloch insurgencies since independence, requires Pakistan to ensure leverage in Afghanistan.
Pushtuns in the NWFP, led by the pro-Congress and pro-India Frontier Gandhi Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, had been struggling for an independent Pushtunistan
. Ghaffar Khan had been in Pakistani jails, or and exile in Afghanistan, and finally died in Jalalabad, where he is buried.