see PathansPathans
, group of seminomadic peoples consisting of more than 60 tribes, numbering more than 26 million in Pakistan and more than 11 million in Afghanistan, where they form the dominate ethnic group (historically known as Afghans and now typically as Pashtuns).
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References in periodicals archive ?
Inayatullah Baloch believes that Kabul denied support to the Prince since it was in favor of inclusion of Balochistan to an Afghan-controlled "Pushtunistan"5.
Daud had adopted an aggressive posture towards Pakistan and resurrected the Pushtunistan issue.
Pakistan has a history of troubled relations with the Pushtun nationalists because of their support for Pushtunistan as well as with northern alliance because of their anti-Taliban stance which highlights how the statecraft or the government in place affects the relations.
Secondly, the Afghan government argues that the inhabitants of Pushtunistan are one nation and that the Durand Line arbitrarily splits the nation into two.
It continued to harbor Pushtun dissidents and support Pushtunistan claims.
Pakistani establishment is also worried that all Taliban being Pushtuns and their coming together on both sides of the Durand Line may revive the demand of Pushtuns for the creation of Pushtunistan.
In addition, to support legitimacy to his program, he highlighted issue of Pushtunistan for achieving emotional attachment with East Pushtuns whose intention was to sabotage Durand Line, divided the Pushtuns by the British government.
The seed that was sown in sixties is yielding fruits now as other groups are demanding 'Independent Balochistan' and 'Greater Pushtunistan'.
The first was the dogged pursuit of the cause of "Pushtunistan" (or "Paktunistan" in the dialect of Southeast Afghanistan and among Pakistani Pushtuns), a popular campaign for the return of ethnic Pushtun territories previously ceded to British India.
Yet one of the nightmares of Pakistan has always been the danger of ethnic division and disintegration, and one of the most potent movements challenging the unity of the state has been the old Pushtun dream of a "Pushtunistan" uniting the Pushtun regions of Pakistan and Afghanistan.
This clear and present danger for Pakistan, which has existed in various manifestations such as the Pushtunistan bogey and Baloch insurgencies since independence, requires Pakistan to ensure leverage in Afghanistan.
Pushtuns in the NWFP, led by the pro-Congress and pro-India Frontier Gandhi Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, had been struggling for an independent Pushtunistan. Ghaffar Khan had been in Pakistani jails, or and exile in Afghanistan, and finally died in Jalalabad, where he is buried.