Putivl

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Putivl’

 

a city and the administrative center of Putivl’ Raion, Sumy Oblast, Ukrainian SSR. The city lies along the Seim River (Dnieper basin), 24 km from the Putivl’ railroad station, on the Bakhmach-Vorozhba line. Population, 16,800 (1974). Industries include a cannery, a butter factory, a plant producing mixed feed, and bread and food-processing combines. The city has a horticultural technicum and a teacher-training school.

Putivl’ is first mentioned in the chronicles under the year 1146 as a town in the Severskii Principality. In the 12th and early 13th centuries it was the capital of an appanage principality. The city is described in the Tale of Igor’s Campaign. Destroyed by Mongol Tatars in 1240, the city was absorbed by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1356. In 1500, Grand Prince Ivan III Vasil’evich incorporated Putivl’ into the Muscovite state. The peasant uprising led by 1.1. Bolotnikov began near Putivl’ in 1606. From the 18th to the early 20th century the city was a district capital (in Kursk Province from 1796).

Soviet power was established in the city in November 1917. After being included in the Ukrainian SSR in 1926, it belonged to Chernigov Oblast from 1932 to 1939, when it became part of Sumy Oblast. On Sept. 11, 1941, the city was occupied by fascist German invaders. A guerrilla detachment operated in the area under the command of S. A. Kovpak, chairman of the city executive committee between 1937 and 1941. The city was liberated by the Soviet Army on Sept. 3, 1943.

Noteworthy sites include the ruins of an ancient gorodishche (fortified town), the former Molchanskii Monastery (16th and 17th centuries), the Spaso-Preobrazhenskii Cathedral (17th and 18th centuries), and the Church of St. Nicholas Kazatskii (18th century). Putivl’ has a museum of local lore and a branch of the Museum of Partisan Glory (in the Spadshchanskii Forest). A monument to Kovpak was erected in 1971. It is made of iron, reinforced concrete, and bronze and was executed by the sculptor M. G. Lysenko and the architects A. I. Ignashchenko and S. P. Tutuchenko.

REFERENCES

Logvin, G. N. Chernigov. Novgorod-Severskii. Glukhov. Putivl’. Moscow, 1965.
Nefedovskii, E. G. Putivl’: Istoriko-kraevedcheskii ocherk. Khar’kov, 1966.
Putivl’. Kiev, 1973. (Photo album.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because of the tsar's service I, Mikhaila, have not seen her [svidaniia ne Bylo], Marfa, for about seven years, and after my departure she, my wife Marfa, left Putivl' and settled in Sevsk ...
According to the Rus' sources, Batu ordered Mikhail beaten, then commanded one Doman from Putivl' to "cut off [the prince's] head." (55) Pian del Carpine describes the execution the same way, noting that Mikhail's "head was cut off with a knife" and that the boyar Fedor, who accompanied the prince, also had his "head cut off with a knife." (56)
In the 1550s and 1560s, Ivan IV strengthened the ancient cherta through Tula and constructed a second one to the south from Putivl', but it was not until the mid-17th century that the new Belgorod defense line (built and fortified between 1635 and 1653), with its 17,000 men in 1636, substantially reduced the frequency of Tatar raids.
The tale of the battle of Konotop in 1659, for example, evaluates rival claims about the size of the troops available to each side, describes the encounter that Ied to the capture and destruction of much Russian cavalry, and finally tells of the orderly but hard-fought withdrawa] of the remaining Muscovite troops from their positions besieging the town of Konotop across the river into Putivl' uezd, under the cover of their own baggage train.