The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Old World polecats), a subgenus of predatory mammals of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae. The body length is 38–51 cm, and the tail length 11–19 cm. The animals weigh 0.7–1.4 kg. The body is elongate and pliant, and the legs are short. The snout is blunt, and the ears are small. The fur is bushy and soft.

There are three species, distributed in North America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia. The USSR has two species, inhabiting the European portion (northward to the southern boundary of the taiga), Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, and southern Siberia. The animals are predominantly nocturnal. They inhabit forests (Mustela putorius putorius), forest steppes, steppes, and semideserts (Mustela putorius eversmanni and Mustela putorius nigripes). The cats settle in felled and burned forests, in shrubbery, and on open land, using the burrows of other animals or natural shelters. Polecats often settle in human dwellings. The diet consists exclusively of small animals. Reproduction occurs once a year, with four to eight young (sometimes as many as 19) in a litter. Some species are valued for their fur. Polecats sometimes prey upon poultry. An albino form has been domesticated and is used to control injurious rodents.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, it does not help in avoiding predation by carnivores, whose patterns of activity are similar to that of water voles: American mink and polecats Mustela putorius in the study area have been found to be most intensively active before dawn and after sunset (Brzezinski et al.
Environmental factors influencing habitat exploitation by the polecat Mustela putorius in western France.
gondii has been reported in various wild animals belonging to the family Mustelidae, such as mink (Mustela vison), river otters (Lontra canadensis), southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis), black-footed ferrets (Mustela nigripes), stone marten (Martes foina), pine marten (Martes martes), ferret (Mustela putorius furo), Eurasian otter otters (Lutra lutra), and polecat (Mustela putorius), using microscopy, in vitro cultivation, and serological methods (6, 13-16).
We're talking, of course, about Mustela putorius furo--better known as the ferret.
Las especies de talla mediana y grande estan representadas por especies con valor comercial como el pecari de collar (Dycotyles angulatus Cope, 1889) y el venado cola blanca (Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780), y por carnivoros como el puma (Puma concolor Linnaeus 1771), el tigrillo (Leopardus pardalis Linnaeus 1758), el coyote (Canis latrans Say 1822), la zorra gris (Urocyon cinereoargenteus Schreber 1775), el tlacuache (Didelphis virginiana Kerr, 1792), algunas especies de zorrillos (Mephitis macroura Lichtenstein 1832; Conepatus leuconotus Lichtenstein, 1832; Spilogale putorius Linnaeus, 1758) y el tejon (Nasua narica Linnaeus, 1766) (Perez et al., 1994; Estrada Portillo, 2010).
For example, European polecats (Mustela putorius) are frequently killed while seeking their main prey European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) in warrens distributed along roads (Barrientos & Bolonio, 2009).
Naive 3- to 5-month-old female domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo; Marshall BioResources, North Rose, NY, USA, and Triple F Farms Inc., Sayre, PA, USA) were used as the mammalian model for HPAI virus transmission to humans (4).
Dentro de la informacion disponible en publicaciones, hay descripciones ecograficas para el sistema reproductor, principalmente de conejo (Oryctulagus cuniculus) y huron (Mustela putorius furo), por lo cual en la clinica se tiende a extrapolar informacion de estos para el ETA.
The domestic ferret (Mustela putorius furo) serves as an animal model for the study of several viruses that cause human disease [1, 2].
A study in domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) showed a low isolation rate of rabies virus from the salivary glands of the ferrets after inoculation of rabies viral strains from naturally infected ferrets [8].