Putorius

Putorius

 

(Old World polecats), a subgenus of predatory mammals of the genus Mustela of the family Mustelidae. The body length is 38–51 cm, and the tail length 11–19 cm. The animals weigh 0.7–1.4 kg. The body is elongate and pliant, and the legs are short. The snout is blunt, and the ears are small. The fur is bushy and soft.

There are three species, distributed in North America, Europe, North Africa, and Asia. The USSR has two species, inhabiting the European portion (northward to the southern boundary of the taiga), Middle Asia, Kazakhstan, and southern Siberia. The animals are predominantly nocturnal. They inhabit forests (Mustela putorius putorius), forest steppes, steppes, and semideserts (Mustela putorius eversmanni and Mustela putorius nigripes). The cats settle in felled and burned forests, in shrubbery, and on open land, using the burrows of other animals or natural shelters. Polecats often settle in human dwellings. The diet consists exclusively of small animals. Reproduction occurs once a year, with four to eight young (sometimes as many as 19) in a litter. Some species are valued for their fur. Polecats sometimes prey upon poultry. An albino form has been domesticated and is used to control injurious rodents.

I. I. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Naive 3- to 5-month-old female domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo; Marshall BioResources, North Rose, NY, USA, and Triple F Farms Inc.
putorius in the Ouachita Mountains of Arkansas and Missouri (Hackctt et al.
The Ferretonin implant delivers melatonin to a ferret (Mustela putorius juro) for approximately 6 months with no significant side effects.
La infeccion por toxoplasmosis en hurones domesticos (Mustela putorius furo) ha sido registrada desde 1932 (Coutelen, 1932, citado por Burns et al.
Viral excretion in domestic ferrets (Mustela putorius furo) inoculated with a raccoon rabies isolate.
Multiple progressive piloleiomyomas in a ferret (Mustela putorius furo): a case report.
Pet ferrets are a domesticated subspecies of Mustela putorius, which is native to Europe.
Igualmente, en la coleccion del Instituto de Ciencias Naturales de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia existe un especimen (ICN 1925) del huron Mustela putorius con localidad registrada como Cundinamarca; es probable que este individuo corresponda a una mascota traida al pais ya que los registros que se conocen actualmente corresponden a mascotas esterilizadas, aunque BAPTISTE et al.
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The European polecat, Mustela putorius, is one of the true treasures of the British countryside, with their "bandit-mask" faces and elusive nature, it is difficult to deny that they are an absorbing and exceptional species.