Putumayo


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Putumayo

(po͞oto͞omä`yō) or

Içá

(ēsä`), river, c.1,000 mi (1,600 km) long, rising in the Andes, S Colombia, and flowing SE to the Amazon in NW Brazil. Mostly navigable, it marks part of Colombia's boundary with Ecuador and most of Colombia's frontier with Peru. The river valley, once a major source of rubber, has declined somewhat in economic importance, but rubber and balatá are shipped to Manaus, Brazil. In the early 20th cent., during the peak of the wild-rubber bonanza, Roger Casement, a British consul, was appointed to head a group to investigate the treatment of Native American laborers in the region and made a report for the Peruvian government on the brutal exploitation of native labor; the report shocked the world.

Putumayo

 

a river in South America, a left tributary of the Amazon. The upper Putumayo forms the border between Colombia and Ecuador, and the middle Putumayo forms the border between Colombia and Peru. In its lower course the river flows through Brazil, where it is called the Içá. The Putumayo is 1,580 km long and drains an area of 123,000 sq km. It originates in the southern Andes of Colombia and flows primarily through the humid equatorial forests of the Amazon Basin. The mean annual flow rate of the Putumayo is 7,160 cu m per sec. The river is fed by rain. High water is from April through July. The lower course of the Putumayo is navigable.

Putumayo

a river in NW South America, rising in S Colombia and flowing southeast as most of the border between Colombia and Peru, entering the Amazon in Brazil: scene of the Putumayo rubber scandal (1910--11) during the rubber boom, in which many Indians were enslaved and killed by rubber exploiters. Length: 1578 km (980 miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The company is the 100% owner and operator of the OBA pipeline, a key piece of strategic, cross-border export infrastructure delivering oil from the Putumayo in Colombia into Ecuador.
La mayoria de estudios academicos sobre Putumayo se han centrado en la coca, la guerrilla, los paramilitares y las causas y consecuencias del conflicto armado (Cancimance, 2017; Centro Nacional de Memoria Historica, 2011; 2012, 2015; Ramirez, 2001; Torres-Bustamante, 2011).
En el departamento del Putumayo se presentan las condiciones ambientales, geograficas y climaticas adecuadas para la sobrevivencia de los insectos vectores de enfermedades en 9 de sus 13 municipios; estos son Mocoa, Villagarzon, Puerto Caicedo, Puerto Asis, Orito, San Miguel, Valle del Guamuez, Puerto Guzman y Leguizamo (23).
(...) Lo poco que se sabe sobre la demente expedicion de Hernan Perez de Quesada a traves de las selvas del Caqueta y del Putumayo en 1541, en busca de El Dorado, es que los espanoles afirmaban haber tropezado, generalmente, con una resistencia feroz.
However, in the region of Putumayo there are a few works about aquatic heteropterous, three species previously described with this type locality: two species of Buenoa (Notonectidae) (Padilla-Gil 2003) and one gerrid species, Potamobates sumaco Cognato, 1998.
En el Putumayo estaban al servicio de los delincuentes, y surge una pregunta: ?en Michoacan, al servicio de quien estan las autodefensas?
La Amazonia colombiana, donde se encuentra situado el departamento del Putumayo, es una region que puede caracterizarse como un "espacio periferico, difuso y discontinuo, distinguido por la exclusion o inclusion a medias" (Gonzalez, Bolivar y Vasquez, 2002: 264), en relacion con el centro del pais, y como tal, considerada aun hoy una frontera abierta, por cuanto continua siendo receptora de poblacion desplazada del centro del pais, y, por consiguiente, objeto de colonizacion.
In this paper, five new records of dragonflies for Putumayo department are reported and current information about the number of Odonata species by department is provided.
As it turns out, the 'new' service (#2816) is in fact a consolidation of the carrier's Panama-WCSA feeder 'Putumayo' (#677) and the intra-WCSA feeder 'Callao' (#679), into a new weekly service with the following rotation: Balboa, Esmeraldas, Callao, Iquique, Arica, Paita, Balboa.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Four rebels of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) were killed by government soldiers in recent clashes in Colombia's Southern Putumayo province.
El departamento de Putumayo presenta una extension de 24885 [Km.sup.2] y se localiza en el suroriente de Colombia (01[grados]26' y 00[grados]27' N y los 73[grados]50' y 77[grados]04' W).