Pye, John

Pye, John,

1782–1874, English engraver, founder of modern landscape engraving. As an illustrator for popular art annuals, he executed plates for landscapes by J. M. W. TurnerTurner, Joseph Mallord William,
1775–1851, English landscape painter, b. London. Turner was the foremost English romantic painter and the most original of English landscape artists; in watercolor he is unsurpassed.
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, Claude LorrainClaude Lorrain
, whose original name was Claude Gelée or Gellée
, 1600–1682, French painter, b. Lorraine. Claude was the foremost landscape painter of his time.
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, and Gaspard PoussinPoussin, Gaspard
, 1615–75, French landscape painter, b. Rome. The son of a Frenchman named Dughet, he adopted the name of his brother-in-law, Nicolas Poussin, in whose studio he worked and whose influence is visible in his interpretations of the Italian countryside.
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. The British Museum has his impressions for Turner's Liber Studiorum. By his expert use of chiaroscuro, he translated works in color into effective black-and-white engravings. He wrote Patronage of British Art (1845).
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