Pylos


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Pylos

(pī`lŏs), ancient harbor, Messenia, SW Greece, on a bay of the Ionian Sea. Excavations have revealed a great Mycenaean palace of the 13th cent. B.C., perhaps the dwelling of King NestorNestor
, in Greek mythology, wise king of Pylos; son of Neleus and father of Antilochus. In the Iliad, Nestor went with the Greeks to the Trojan War, and although he had lived three generations he was still a vigorous warrior and a respected adviser.
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. Six hundred clay tablets were found there which were important in the decipherment of the late Minoan script (see Mycenaean civilizationMycenaean civilization
, an ancient Aegean civilization known from the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. They were first undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann and others after 1876, and they helped to revise the early history of Greece. Divided into Early Helladic (c.
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). The modern town of Pílos, formerly known as Navarino, grew up on the south shore of the bay. The Bay of Pylos was the scene of an Athenian naval victory over Sparta in 425 B.C. and of the battle of Navarino (1827) during the Greek War of Independence.

Pylos

 

an ancient Greek city on the coast of Messenia in the Peloponnesus; present-day site on Mount Aigalion, 17 km north of the modern city of Pylos. The settlement dates back to the late third or early second millennium B.C. From the 16th to the 13th century B.C., Pylos was the residence of local Achaean rulers.

A joint Greek and American archaeological expedition led by K. Kourouniotis and C. Blegen in 1939 and again from 1952 exposed the remains of a vast palace complex in Pylos. The palace was erected in the 13th century B.C. and was destroyed by fire circa 1200 B.C. About 40 rooms were discovered, including residences, stores, and apartments of state laid out in the characteristic megaron plan. The walls of some of the rooms were lavishly decorated with frescoes. Of particular interest among the many finds (pottery, tools, ornaments made of precious metals and bronze) are the more than 600 clay tablets inscribed in linear script. Below the fortified acropolis are the remains of the city. Nearby are located the royal tholos tombs and the necropolis for the city’s inhabitants.

REFERENCE

Blavatskaia, T. V. Akheiskaia Gretsia vo vtorom tysiacheletii do novoiery. Moscow, 1966. Pages 121–46.

Pylos

a port in SW Greece, in the SW Peloponnese; scene of a defeat of the Spartans by the Athenians (425 bc) during the Peloponnesian War and of the Battle of Navarino (see Navarino)
References in periodicals archive ?
In this spirit, the pioneering programme C4H (Credits for Health), which started in the Pylos area and also expanded to Kalamata, aims to give everyone the opportunity to directly promote their health and improve our quality of life, always with the assistance of our social environment.
The deciphering of these Linear B texts in the early 1950s prompted interest in the extent and organisation of the Mycenaean 'Kingdom' of Pylos controlled from the Late Bronze Age palace.
As Pericles had suggested before the war, the Athenians could also fortify a base, whether at Methone (while he was still alive), at Pylos (after his death), or elsewhere in Sparta, to support a revolt of the Helots, with essential aid from the Messenian exiles at Naupactus (1.
The weather was fine, the sea was calm," Dimitris Kafantaris, mayor of the nearby coastal town of Pylos, told state-run TV Net.
CRUISES ADRIATIC/GREEK ISLANDS Seabourn (0843 373 2000) fly-cruise offers seven nights from Jul 13 on Seabourn Odyssey from Venice to Athens via Sibenik (Croatia), Kotor (Montenegro), Corfu, Argostoli, Pylos, Nafplion and Piraeus (Athens).
This method was applied early in the development of intensive Mediterranean survey, and was employed at projects such as the Nemea Valley Archaeological Project, the Northern Keos Survey, and the Pylos Regional Archaeological Project (Wright et al.
Bin d Other towns we visited included Pylos, which is a slightly more upmarket resort on the west of the peninsula, filled with tavernas and bars and set below a walled old town.
7-Day Athens to Venice on Wind Star departing July 16, 2011, and visiting Monemvasia, Greece; Pylos, Greece; Dubrovnik, Croatia; Trogir, Croatia; and Pula, Croatia.
While a historian providing a citation to Thucydides's account of the Battle of Pylos may now proffer a website instead of a book, the account itself remains largely unchanged.
Both senses of the name are relevant in this second edition of a work reporting on the archaeological investigations of the Pylos Regional Archaeological Project and also incorporating findings of natural scientists, historians, and art historians in an effort to understand the evolution of the entire region in reference to the cultural and environmental forces that have influenced the political, economic, and social organizations of those who lived there.
Furthermore, the list contains Greek mortals, such as Agamemnon, leader of the Achaeans (Greeks) at Troy, and Nestor, aged king of Pylos and wise counselor.
The first four books, often referred to as the Telemakhia, open in the twentieth year of Odysseus's absence and establish the epic's overarching quest motif through Telemakhos, whom the goddess Athena sends to Pylos and Sparta.