Fluorescein

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fluorescein

[‚flu̇′re·sē·ən]
(organic chemistry)
C20H12O5 A yellowish to red powder, melts and decomposes at 290°C, insoluble in water, benzene, and chloroform, soluble in glacial acetic acid, boiling alcohol, ether, dilute acids, and dilute alkali; used in medicine, in oceanography as a marker in sea water, and in textiles to dye silk and wool.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fluorescein

 

a dye; yellow crystals. Fluorescein is poorly soluble in water; it dissolves better in alcohols and dilute alkalies. Decomposition occurs at the melting point, 314°–316°C. In aqueous solutions, fluorescein exists as a 1:1 mixture of the benzoid (I) and quinoid forms and has a strong yellow-green fluorescence (hence the name). Its structural form is

Fluorescein belongs to a group of triarylmethane (xanthene) dyes. It colors silk and wool yellow but is not used in the textile industry because of poor colorfastness. It is used to trace the course of underground waters. Its disodium salt (uranine) is a component of fluorescing mixtures, and its isothiocyanate derivatives are used as biological stains for identifying antigens and antibodies. Some halogen-substituted fluoresceins, such as eosins, also have practical value.

Fluorescein is produced by the condensation of phthalic anhydride with resorcinol.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
aeruginosa produces multiple hydrosoluble pigments, the most important of which are pyocyanin and pyoverdin which are responsible for the characteristic greenish blue discoloration of Pseudomonas infection.
The blue-green appearance of pus or of an organism culture is pertaining to the combination of pyocyanin (blue pigment) and pyoverdin (fluorescein, yellow pigment).
Compared to pyoverdin biosynthesis, the genes involved in pyochelin production is less abundant, which are mainly localized from PA4220 to PA4231.
Some antimicrobial substances such as pyocyanin and pyoverdin have been described for Pseudomonas sp.